MorningStar

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MORNING STAR LODGE

Location: Worcester

Chartered By: John Cutler

Chartered By: Simon W. Robinson

Charter Date: 06/11/1793 II-36

Charter Date: 12/16/1844 IV-553

Precedence Date: 06/11/1793; note that the second charter was granted the precedence of the original charter on 12/08/1857 (page VI-140).

Current Status: Active


NOTES

MEMBER LIST, 1802

From Vocal Companion and Masonic Register, Boston, 1802, Part II, Page 12:

  • R. W. Isaiah Thomas, P. S. G. W., M.
  • W. Benjamin Heywood, S. W.
  • W. William Caldwell, J. W.
  • John Farrer, Tr.
  • Samuel Flagg, Sec.
  • Benjamin Andrews, S. D.
  • Jedediah Hely, J. D.
  • Daniel Heywood, Steward.
  • John Barnard, Steward.
  • Elijah Burbank, Steward.
  • Simeon Duncan, Tiler.

No. of Members, 30.

  • Daniel Goulding
  • Enoch Flagg
  • Levi Pierce
  • Charles Stearns, Jr.
  • Archibald Black
  • John Pierce
  • H. Pierce
  • William Parker
  • Ebenezer Gould
  • Ashbel Smith
  • John Farrer
  • Ethan A. Greenwood

PAST MASTERS

  • Isaiah Thomas,1793, 1794, 1797, 1799, 1801, 1802
  • Nathaniel Paine, 1795
  • William Caldwell, 1796
  • Benjamin Andrews, 1798, 1805, 1806
  • James Wilson, 1800
  • Benjamin Heywood, 1803
  • Ephraim Mower, 1804
  • Enoch Flagg, 1807, 1808, 1810
  • Nathaniel P. Denny, 1809
  • John Wilder, 1811-1814
  • William Bentley, 1815
  • Otis Corbett, 1816, 1817
  • Ephraim Mower, Jr., 1818
  • Benjamin Chapin, 1819-1821
  • Lewis Bigelow, 1822-1824
  • William Trowbridge, Jr., 1825-1827
  • Christopher C. Baldwin, 1828
  • DARK 1829-1844
  • Horace Chenery, 1845; Mem
  • Henry Earle, 1846-1847, 1851; SN
  • James G. Henderson, 1848-1850
  • Henry Goddard, 1852-1854
  • John H. Matthews, 1855
  • Zebina Lee, 1856
  • John A. Dana, 1857; SN
  • Benjamin Lewis, 1858
  • Ransom M. Gould, 1859
  • A. H. Washburn, 1860
  • Joseph E. Knox, 1861; SN
  • Charles G. Reed, 1862, 1864, 1867
  • Henry C. Bigelow, 1863
  • Thomas E. St. John, 1865; SN
  • Lewis C. Stone, 1866
  • Alfred B. Couch, 1868, 1869
  • Horace A. Richardson, 1870, 1871, 1874, 1875
  • Osgood Plummer, 1873
  • Clarke Earle, 1876, 1877
  • Albert J. Stone, 1878, 1881
  • Edwin S. Pike, 1879
  • Henry A. Southwick, 1880
  • George S. Hale, 1882
  • Edward E. Balcom, 1883
  • Henry S. Knight, 1884
  • William A. Farnsworth, 1885, 1886
  • William H. Rice, 1887, 1888
  • Fred W. Leavitt, 1889, 1890; Mem
  • Charles A. Peabody, 1891-1893; Mem
  • Walter A. Williams, 1894, 1895
  • William H. Needham, 1896, 1897
  • Edward J. Ryan, 1898
  • Edward M. Woodward, 1899, 1900
  • Charles W. Delano, 1901, 1902; N
  • Elmer C. Potter, 1903
  • Harvey C. Buck, 1904
  • Herbert P. Bagley, 1905, 1906
  • Frank M. Lord, 1907
  • Chester T. Porter, 1908
  • Charles A. Normand, 1909
  • Edward A. Denny, 1910
  • Albert G. Guy, 1911
  • Noble O. Hayes, 1912
  • Walter S. Bliss, 1913
  • John O. Sibley, 1914
  • Thomas E. Babb, Jr., 1915
  • Arthur S. Houghton, 1916
  • Frederick W. Vermille, 1917
  • Walter S. Young, 1918
  • Roland E. Howard, 1919
  • Harold L. Fenner, 1920; N
  • Charles W. Townsend, 1921
  • Harrison G. Taylor, 1922
  • George D. Robertson, 1923
  • Leon H. Blanchard, 1924
  • John Clayton, 1925
  • W. H. Smiley Kingsbury, 1926; Mem
  • Rolland R. Greenwood, 1927
  • A. Wayland Wood, 1928
  • Clarence W. Daniels, 1929
  • Edwin G. Bagley, 1930
  • Lester S. Eastman, 1931
  • Raymond N. Hayes, 1932
  • James P. Nourse, 1933
  • Stuart M. Anson, 1934
  • Edward L. Davis, 1935
  • Russell M. Blackmer, 1936; N
  • David E. Tillson, 1937
  • Henry C. Fisher, 1938
  • Minott M. Rowe, 1939
  • Carl E. Wahlstrom, 1940
  • Carl L. Morrill, 1941
  • Willard K. French, 1942; N
  • Arthur H. Medine, 1943
  • Henning L. Johnson, 1944
  • Robert H. Hunt, 1945
  • Walter I. Engstrom, 1946
  • William Hunter, 1947
  • Royal W. Cooper, 1948
  • Everett S. Walker, 1949
  • Carl W. Ribb, 1950
  • George E. Gates, 1951
  • Wylie H. Lantz, 1952
  • John H. Barthelmes, Jr., 1953
  • Samuel W. White, 1954
  • Richard E. Mitchell, 1955
  • Grover A. Chenoweth, 1956
  • Henry E. Eklund, 1957
  • Archie J. Horne, 1958
  • William A. MacKenzie, 1959
  • Charles B. Cummings, 1960
  • Robert E. Magill, 1961; N
  • Edwin R. Young, 1962
  • Herbert E. Berg, 1963
  • Robert H. Woodford, 1964
  • Cecil H. Reynolds, 1965
  • William T. Ames, 1966
  • Herbert G. Gustafson, 1967
  • Gordon F. Hohne, 1968
  • Richard C. Knutson, 1969
  • Donald R. Werme, 1970
  • Wayne A. Granat, 1971
  • Toga H. Janson, 1972, 1973
  • Lester W. Grant, 1974
  • Herbert F. Johnson, 1975; N
  • John W. Phillips, 1976
  • Neil H. Janson, 1977
  • Stanley E. Dykstar, 1978
  • John E. Norgren, 1979
  • William C. B. Bauld, 1980, 1983
  • Lewis K. Martin, 1981
  • Roger H. Nettelbladt, 1982
  • Walter S. Romaszko, 1984
  • Steven Dobson, 1985, 2001
  • James M. Lee, 1986, 1987, 1992
  • David J. Roche, Jr., 1988, 1989
  • Sumner N. Cotton, 1990, 1991
  • Gordon F. Hohne, 1993, 1994
  • Peter T. Greenlees, 1995
  • Samuel R. McClure, Jr., 1996, 1997; PDDGM
  • William C. B. Bauld, 1998
  • Robert S. Burnett, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2005; PDDGM
  • Donald C. Willoughby, 2002, 2003
  • Samuel A. Severin, 2006, 2007
  • Robert Johnson, Jr., 2008, 2009; PDDGM
  • Azim S. Rawji, 2010-2012
  • Adam J. Ferraro, 2013, 2014
  • John F. Sullivan, 2015

REFERENCES IN GRAND LODGE PROCEEDINGS

  • Petition for Charter: 1793
  • Petition for Restoration of Charter: 1842 (not restored as it had not been returned)
  • Petition for Restoration of Charter: 1843 (restored in absence of original)
  • Granting of Renewed Charter: 1844
  • Consolidation Petition (with Rose of Sharon Lodge): 1974
  • Consolidation Petition (with Isaiah Thomas Lodge): 2004

ANNIVERSARIES

  • 1893 (Centenary)
  • 1918 (125th Anniversary)
  • 1943 (150th Anniversary)
  • 1968 (175th Anniversary)
  • 1993 (200th Anniversary)

VISITS BY GRAND MASTER

BY-LAW CHANGES

1858 1870 1871 1873 1878 1879 1880 1882 1895 1896 1901 1902 1906 1911 1916 1918 1921 1928 1930 1943 1945 1953 1954 1969 1973 1977 1980 1985 1988 1990 1994 1999 2005 2006 2012


HISTORY

  • 1943 (150th Anniversary History, 1943-39; see below)
  • 1968 (175th Anniversary History, 1968-45; see below)
  • 1993 (200th Anniversary History, 1993-39; see below)

RECENT HISTORY, JANUARY 1943

From Proceedings, Page 1943-39:

Highlights of Morning Star Lodge During the Last Fifty Years
By Right Worshipful Charles W. Delano

It has been an inspiration to read again the Centenary History of Morning Star Lodge by Brother Edward S. Nason. Under the vigorous leadership of our first Master, Right Worshipful Isaiah Thomas, later Most Worshipful Isaiah Thomas, at a time when Masonry was locally unpopular, with a deep-seated conviction of the power of Masonry as a stimulus in the development of personal life and civic righteousness, the little band kept on, often having to meet in secret until they were finally caught in the throes of the Morgan upheaval.

The Lodge "melted away," as the historian says, and from 1828 (for fourteen years no meetings were held) nothing was heard of Morning Star Lodge, nor is there any mention of the Lodge in the records of the Grand Lodge. The charter became void and the records disappeared, but due to the resolute devotion of a faithful few a new charter was granted by the Grand Lodge in 1842 and a new era of uninterrupted prosperity began. The charter, by the way, though void, had never been sur- rendered. It was later taken from its hiding place, returned to the Grand Lodge, and soon after returned to Morning Star Lodge in whose affectionate keeping it is today.

At the time of the Centenary, Morning Star had a membership of 350 and was in every way a prosperous and influential Lodge. Our Brethren handed down to us "a goodly heritage." How wisely and how well we have preserved this heritage I hope we may realize in a measure by a brief review of some of the highlights of our life during the last fifty years.

As was the case with our earlier Brethren, there have been times of sunshine and times of shadow. There have been several economic depressions; we have weathered one World War and are now beset by the devastating influences of a Second World War. But "new occasions teach new duties" and, as new occasions have demanded, new and strenuous efforts on the part of our Lodge have met the issue, with no interruption in continued, steady progress toward the realization of the Masonic ideal. The Lodge has continued to teach the fundamental traditions of Masonry; the officers have been faithful to their trust; in times of stress aid has been given to the sick, the needy and the unfortunate.

Candidates have been plentiful. The ritual, as rendered by the officers, is as nearly perfect as is humanly possible, its rendering dignified and impressive, its interpretation discriminating and effective. Because of sound, and I may say expert, financial management the Lodge is in an enviable financial condition. At the close of the last fiscal year the membership was 848.

Yes, I think we may say that Morning Star Lodge has used her heritage wisely and well. This I consider the major highlight of the past fifty years.

I pass now briefly to some matters having to do with the routine business of the Lodge. Morning Star has in operation the pre-application method in the investigation of candidates for admission and this has been found very helpful to officers and candidates alike. Candidates who have been admitted are required to attend the Lodge of Instruction which has become a Regular Lodge, being officially visited each year by the Right Worshipful District Deputy Grand Master.

Two events of special interest are the Annual Past Masters' Night and the Annual Mobilization of the Craft. Social affairs for the ladies and the children have also proved enjoyable.

It is with grateful appreciation of services rendered that I mention ^several Brethren conspicuous for length of service.

Brother Henry H. Flint, who was well known to many of us, served as Tyler from 1873 to 1920. Brother Frank M. Lord was elected Secretary in 1887 and served until 1905. At that time there was a unanimous sentiment on the part of the officers and members of the Lodge that he should at the proper time become Master of the Lodge. Though quite diffident and of a very reserved personality, he placed himself in the hands of the Brethren. He served a year as Senior Warden and was Worshipful Master in 1907. Right Worshipful Will Allen Gray was elected Secretary in 1906 and Worshipful E. Arthur Denny was elected Treasurer in 1910. Both these officers are still serving and their service is of inestimable value to Morning Star Lodge. Worshipful Joseph B. Shaw has served as Tyler since 1926.

Worshipful David E. Tillson is Manager of Zone IV of the Masonic Service Committee-of the Grand Lodge and Worshipful Willard K. French is a member of the Grand Master's Advisory Committee.

Right Worshipful Edward M. Woodward and Right Worshipful Herbert P. Bagley have received the Thirty-third Degree, A.A. Scottish Rite. Right Worshipful Brother Woodward is a Past Junior Grand Warden and also a member of the Board of Masonic Relief of the Grand Lodge. Right Worshipful Brother Bagley is a Past Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge and a member of the Board of Directors.

The following have served as District Deputy Grand Masters: Right Worshipful Brothers Edward M. Woodward, Charles W. Delano, Fred W. Leavitt, Will Allen Gray, W. H. Smiley Kingsbury and Harold L. Fenner. Right Worshipful George D. Robertson is now serving in that capacity.

Worshipful Raymond N. Hayes is a Past Junior Grand Deacon of the Grand Lodge, Right Worshipful George D. Robertson is a Past Senior Grand Steward and Right Worshipful W. H. Smiley Kingsbury is a Past Grand Standard Bearer.

Members of Morning Star Lodge who have served as Masters of other Lodges are Right Worshipful Brothers Will Allen Gray, George D. Robertson and W. H. Smiley Kingsbury and Worshipful Brothers John Clayton and Joseph B. Shaw. Right Worshipful Fred W. Leavitt also served as Master of another Lodge, as will shortly appear. September 12, 1896, was a veritable gala day in Worcester, it being the day on which the corner-stone of the New City Hall was laid by Most Worshipful Edwin B. Holmes, Grand Master. The request was made by Hon. A. B. R. Sprague, Mayor of the City of Worcester and Temporary Chairman of the City Hall Commission. No one could describe adequately the scenes attendant on that occasion. All the Masonic bodies of the city marched in the lengthy procession and speeches were made by several prominent citizens. The address of the Most Worshipful Grand Master was especially inspiring. A full report in great detail of the exercises may be found in the records in the office of the City Clerk and the trowel used by the Most Worshipful Grand Master may also be seen at City Hall.

Soon after the beginning of the century an agitation for a new Masonic Temple was begun. A committee, commonly known as the "Committee of Thirty-three" was formed to formulate a plan for a new Temple. This committee became the "Worcester Masonic Charity and Educational Association." Later the site on which this building stands was purchased. Because of some legal complications as to a clear title, the land was sold in order that it might be bought back with a clear title to the property, and this was done.

Then there began to be doubts as to whether this was really a proper site. Matters dragged along for some years until Worshipful Brother Fred W. Leavitt, a Past Master of Morning Star Lodge, was elected President of the Association. He was convinced that the Temple should be built as planned. With indomitable courage, tenacious persistence and a deep-seated determination, he kept the idea before the Association. He was ably assisted in this effort by Right Worshipful Edward M. Woodward and Right Worshipful Herbert P. Bagley, also Past Masters of Morning Star Lodge. It was finally decided to build and Right Worshipful Herbert P. Bagley was named Chairman of the Building Committee. The corner-stone was laid on September 12, 1913, by Right Worshipful Herbert E. Fletcher, Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge. The request to the Right Worshipful Deputy Grand Master was made by Right Worshipful Herbert P. Bagley, Chairman of the Building Committee. The building was dedicated on September 3, 1914, by Most Worshipful Melvin M. Johnson, Right Worshipful Fred W. Leavitt, President of the Association, making the request. On each of these occasions an address was given by Rev. Dr. H. Stiles Bradley, Pastor of Piedmont Church.

Some years ago it became evident that there was room for another Lodge in Worcester. As a result, on January 19, 1921, a new Lodge was constituted by Most Worshipful Arthur D. Prince. It was eminently fitting that this new Lodge was named Isaiah Thomas Lodge, as several charter members were also members of Morning Star Lodge and Right Worshipful Fred W. Leavitt was the first Master of the new Lodge.

An event of special interest to Morning Star Lodge was the constitution of Rose of Sharon Lodge by Most Worshipful Frank L. Simpson on October 20, 1928. I am indebted to Right Worshipful W. H. Smiley Kingsbury and Right Worshipful Harold L. Fenner for the following excerpts from the records of Rose of Sharon Lodge:

During the Spring of 1927 a small group of Past Masters of Morning Star Lodge, influenced undoubtedly by certain ideas voiced by the administration of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Masons in Massachusetts, and convinced of the soundness of these ideas, frequently discussed, informally, the possibility of the formation of a new Lodge.

Right Wor. Harold Luther Fenner, D.D.G.M. of the Brookfield 21st Masonic District, was particularly interested in this movement and bent his efforts toward the development of the plan. Associated with him from the first were Right Wor. Herbert P. Bagley, Past Deputy Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts, Wor. E. Arthur Denny, Wor. W. H. Smiley Kingsbury, at the time Grand Standard Bearer of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge, and Wor. Rolland R. Greenwood.

On December 6, 1927 a meeting of such Past Masters of Morning Star Lodge as were interested was held, and the choice of Brethren to be Charter Members was limited to members of Morning Star Lodge and Brethren residing in Worcester, but not members of any other Lodge in Worcester.

The name of the new Lodge, "Rose of Sharon," was suggested by Wor. Walter S. Young, a Past Master of Morning Star Lodge, as Biblically synonymous with the "Bright and Morning Star." The purpose of the new Lodge as resolved in discussion was that it would be in a marked degree the outgrowth of Morning Star Lodge, conceived under, and working for, those ideals for which Morning Star Lodge has ever steadfastly stood, where each man may know his brother well and where there may be the unbroken spirit of unity, fostered by the cement of brotherly love and affection.

Right Worshipful George D. Robertson was the first Master of Rose of Sharon Lodge and by far the greater number of Charter members were members of Morning Star Lodge.

In closing this brief account of some of the highlights in the story of Morning Star Lodge for the past fifty years, I wish to say that I sincerely appreciate the fact that I was given the privilege of preparing it. Memories of the events of forty-seven years, events in many of which I had some part, have been brought back to me with compelling vividness. Imperfect as it is, I hope that this presentation has been of some interest to the Brethren.

175TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MARCH 1968

From Proceedings, Page 1968-45:

By Wor. Archie J. Horne.

Serving as background for the history of the past 175 years of Morning Star Lodge, it would be well to point out that the growth of the Lodge has been a reflection of the growth of Worcester. Both Worcester and the Lodge prospered equally in good times and, unfortunately, suffered together in bad times. Records indicate that the population of this little crossroads town in 1790 was but 2,095 souls. In 1793, it might have increased by about 100. Worcester's population today is about 183,000.

Even at that early time, the Town of Worcester had its reason for being. It was the crossroads for the stages and the settlers travelling westward; also for those moving from the south towards the north. When the Blackstone Canal to Providence came into operation in the 1820's, a marked growth appeared in the Town. This expansion was greatly accelerated by the advent of the Boston & Worcester Railroad in 1835.

The effect of the Canal, and later the Railroad, was to make Worcester, which had been a geographical center, the commercial and industrial center which merited the name of "The Heart of the Commonwealth". There followed a rapid expansion with many of the smaller operations of that date being expanded into larger industries which are still in existence. Worcester became an important industrial community and the commercial center of a vast trading area, and the expansion of these functions continues today. The City has always boasted of a skilled force of craftsmen capable of ingeniously producing difficult and complicated work to a high degree of perfection. These same workmen built their homes, raised their schools, their churches and their families in a generally prosperous community, and each contributed, according to his talents, to the building of the community and its many social, cultural and fraternal achievements.

Morning Star Lodge, like Worcester, also had its reason for being. First, there were a number of Masons in the community in the late 1700's, many of whom had membership either in the Boston Area or at Lancaster where the nearest Masonic Lodges were located. To visit his own Lodge a man might require not less than two and sometimes four days to reach Boston and return, and at times two days to Lancaster.

There were other, and basically more important, reasons. The aftermath of the Revolution had left many local citizens in debt with their lands and goods seized, and many were sentenced to jail. There was no hard currency and credit was practically destroyed. The severe penalties inflicted upon debtors, particularly the veterans of the recent war, produced the revolts of Captain Adam Wheeler and later Daniel Shay, both of which were ill-starred, but which temporarily closed the courts and required a large force of militia to restore order. It was some years before grievances of the soldiers and the citizens were remedied and business could again prosper. Hard work just to survive was the rule of the day. As an historian of that time writes: "Brotherly love and charity envieth not, that seeketh not its own—Alas!, these were rarely found in the homes of our forefathers at that time".

It was, therefore, evident to the members of the Craft in Worcester at that period that the ideals and philosophy of Masonry were badly needed in the growing Town. Despite all the problems, a visitor in 1793 glowingly described the Town as one having large stores, many elegant houses, large inns, not only for the accommodation of the people of the County at the times of holding of the courts, but also for travelers, a large and handsome schoolhouse, about 60 x 30 feet, and two Congregational Religious Societies. He goes on to say:

"In this Town a number of gentlemen, requesting the same, received a Charter in April 1793 from the Massachusetts Grand Lodge for holding a Lodge of Free Masons by the name of "The Morning Star Lodge". Isaiah Thomas was unanimously elected Master and on the 11th of June, the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts meeting in Worcester for the purpose, he was installed by the Most Worshipful Grand Master John Cutler, and the Lodge consecrated."

There were 13 petitioners for this Charter and after the Lodge was consecrated Isaiah Thomas served as its Master for six years and later became Grand Master. Apparently, it was not unusual for a Master to serve for several terms; Worshipful John Wilder was in office for four years (1811-1814), and Worshipful Horace A. Richardson served as Master for five years (1870-1875). Most recently, one year has been the practice. It was a happy coincidence that credit and confidence were restored at about the same time in 1793 and the Town grew and prospered. Except for that dark period from 1828 to 1842, Morning Star Lodge increased in numbers and faithfully served the Craft. It had a new birth after 1842 when a second Charter was granted by the Grand Lodge. The original Charter, which had never been surrendered, was taken from its hiding place, returned to Grand Lodge and soon after it was presented to Morning Star Lodge where it has been carefully preserved.

As the Lodge grew, it took steps to move on to better and more suitable quarters. It first met on the second floor of taverns on Main Street where food, drink and lodging, if necessary, were available. Over the years, meetings have been held in the following quarters:

  • The Sun Tavern at the south corner of Main and Mechanic Streets.
  • The United States Arms which replaced the above.
  • The King's Arms at Elm and Main Streets.
  • The Healy House at 339 Main Street.
  • The Thomas Stevens' Hall at the south corner of Main and Foster Streets.
  • The Masonic Hall at the rear of 339 Main Street.
  • The Town Hall at the rear of the present City Hall.
  • Dr. John Green's Hall at about 242 Main Street.
  • Heywood Hall at 357 Main Street.
  • The Waldo Hall at 357 Main Street.

All of the above were in the central area of what is now downtown Worcester, and from their number it can be seen that our stay was not overly long at any one place. It was not until we shared quarters at the Masonic Hall at 21 Pearl Street, where we remained for 47 years, that we were approaching some permanence of quarters. However, it was not until 1914 that Morning Star Lodge, together with the three other Lodges in the City, finally arrived safely home in this Temple. We are indebted to Worshipful Royal W. Cooper who spent considerable time in tracing these locations and including them in a brief, but very informative, paper which he entitled "A Brief History of Morning Star Lodge". For some years this abbreviated history was given to candidates and it was from this work that many of our members became well-informed to their Lodge heritage.

In 1914, the four Lodges in Worcester: Morning Star, Montacute, Athelstan and Quinsigamond, moved into the new Temple. Some years prior to 1914, a committee had been appointed to lay the ground work by planning for the construction of a new Temple. Their work was slow but thorough, although at times it must have seemed to have been abandoned. The committee was eventually chartered as "The Worcester Masonic Charity and Educational Association". Worshipful Fred W. Leavitt, a Past Master of Morning Star Lodge, as President of the Associaiion, with persistence and determination, pushed the planning forward. Right Worshipful Herbert P. Bagley was named Chairman of the Building Committee and saw the task through to completion with the cornerstone being laid on September 12, 1913; the building finished and dedicated on September 3, 1914 by Most Worshipful Melvin W. Johnson. The monumental task of planning and completing so beautiful an edifice, even as the clouds of war appeared on the horizon, provides not only beautiful quarters, but stands as a memorial to those who worked so arduously to bring the plan to fruition.

As with all things made by man, a certain amount of wear and tear and obsolescence occurs. A committee presided over by Worshipful Carl E. Wahlstrom of Morning Star Lodge initiated a fund drive and by raising $100,000.00 in 1962 made a great number of improvements throughout the building and completely refinishcd the interior.

When completed in 1914, the Temple was not then faced with the parking problem it has acquired over the years. The same committee, under Worshipful Brother Wahlstrom, purchased surrounding properties, cleared, levelled and surfaced the lots as a convenience for members and guests. The rehabilitation and refinishing of the Temple to its present beautiful appearance, and the very practical addition of parking areas, stands as a testimonial to our hard-working Worshipful Brother and his Committee.

An unusual meeting was held on June 9, 1953. That afternoon just after five o'clock, a tornado swept devastation and death across the nearby towns and the northern section of Worcester. Some 1,200 homes were damaged, over 260 of which were demolished in Worcester alone and more than 90 died as the result of the storm. A First Degree was scheduled for that evening at Morning Star Lodge. The majority of the officers lived in the northerly area and were personally involved or working hard on rescue efforts. The Special Communication was called to order by Right Worshipful Russell M. Blackmer to initiate two candidates, Stanley Benjamin Barber and Ollison Craig, with the work of the degree performed by Right Worshipful Will Allen Gray in the East, Worshipful Royal W. Cooper in the West and Right Worshipful Russell M. Blackmer in the South. Brother, now Worshipful Henry E. Eklund, served as Marshal and Brother Warren Barber, brother of one candidate, took the work of Senior Deacon. Worshipful Brother Cooper ably delivered the lectures of the second section followed by Right Worshipful Brother Gray, who gave the Master's Lecture. The other junior officer present, Brother Archie J. Home, moved about as needed, Brother Joseph Smith was organist, and Worshipful Brother Joseph B. Shaw was Tyler.

At that meeting, the Lodge had an unusual visitor, Worshipful and Reverend Rabbi Josephowitz of Worcester, South Africa. He added a fraternally friendly touch to that evening which gave proof of the ability of the Past Masters of Morning Star Lodge to turn a difficult evening into a very successful one.

Of the original happenings of Morning Star Lodge, we have records; of the recent, we have personal knowledge; but of the great span between the old and the new, there is a dearth of information. We do know, however, that in the long middle period both officers and brethren completed their appointed tasks with fidelity, each building upon the Masonic Edifice to which he was introduced in his time. We know, too, that each new member was a rebirth of the Lodge and that he. in turn, would extend its teachings.

The needs of our community, our country and the world, more than ever before, appear to call for the lessons of Masonry and the integrity of purpose and behavior which are imparted to its members. The forces against the right and the just appear even more violent than those faced by our brothers in 1793. We, of this generation, must demonstrate that Masonry is alive and its teachings are vital in a world of turmoil and unrest.

It is to those brethren who have passed to the Celestial Lodge and to those of the present who by their noble and continuous endeavor have brought Morning Star Lodge to its present position and us to its 175th Anniversary that we truly give honor. To those many, we are indebted for the heritage which they created and kept alive for us in Morning Star Lodge, and in this joyous occasion we silently pledge that what they have taught us of Masonry we will cherish and pass on unimpaired to those who follow.

200TH ANNIVERSARY HISTORY, MAY 1993

From Proceedings, Page 1993-53:

For earlier history of Morning Star Lodge please refer to page 45 of the 1968 Proceedings of the Grand Lodge.

The 150th Anniversary of Morning Star Lodge was observed during World War II. At that time the membership roster contained 848 names. Since that time the membership increased and then decreased to a great extent, being not much more than one half that number at the present time.

As was the case with our earlier brethren, there have been times of sunshine and shadow. There have been several economic depressions, we have weathered several wars and "Police Actions" and have recently been going through the latest business recession. All of these have had an influence on the growth of Masonic Lodges. We are hopeful that the worst of the downturns are now behind us and that Lodges may now look toward a brighter future.

At this point it would seem relevant to include notes on some unusual events that occurred during the past fifty years. In the late afternoon of June 9, 1953, a tornado swept devastation and death across some nearby Towns and the northern section of Worcester. Some 1200 homes were damaged, over 260 of which were demolished in Worcester alone and more than 90 people died as a result of the storm. A First Degree had been scheduled for that evening in Morning Star Lodge.

The majority of the Lodge officers lived in the northerly area and were personally involved or were working hard on the rescue efforts. The Special Communication was opened by Right Worshipful Russell M. Blackmer for the purpose of initiating two candidates, Stanley Benjamin Barber and Ollison Craig. The work of the evening was carried out by Right Worshipful Will Allen Gray in the East, Worshipful Royal W. Cooper in the West and Right Worshipful Russell M. Blackmer in the South. Brother, (now Worshipful) Henry E. Eklund served as Marshal and Brother Warren Barber, brother of one candidate, carried out the Senior Deacon's duties. Worshipful Brother Cooper delivered the lecture of the second section and Right Worshipful Brother Gray delivered the Master's lecture. Brother, later Worshipful Brother, Archie J. Home moved to various positions as needed, Brother Joseph Smith was Organist and Worshipful Brother Joseph B. Shaw was Tyler.

The Lodge had an unusual visitor that night as Worshipful and Reverend Rabbi Josephowitz of Worcester, South Africa attended. He added a friendly touch to an evening which gave proof of the ability of the Past Masters of the Lodge to turn a difficult evening into a very successful one.

Another unusual event which should be included in this history of Morning Star Lodge concerns Rose of Sharon Lodge, the birth of which is covered in the 150th Anniversary History of Morning Star. Rose of Sharon Lodge was instituted on December 12, 1927, chartered on October 20, 1928 and returned its Charter to the Grand Lodge on June 15, 1974 when it was merged into Morning Star Lodge by Most Worshipful Donald Warren Vose, then Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. Rose of Sharon Lodge was started, mainly by Past Masters and members of Morning Star, in order to give men who worked at night during the week, a Lodge they might join on Saturday night. The Lodge did fulfill that purpose for many years but changing customs in our society made Saturday night a family night out and removed the reason for the existence of the Lodge.

Three present officers of Morning Star Lodge served as Officers in Rose of Sharon. Worshipful Alden R. Tilander, Associate Chaplain, was presiding as Master when the Lodges merged, Brother Albert Hayes, Inside Sentinel was a line officer and Right Worshipful Arnold R. Shaw, present Tyler, was serving as Tyler in both Lodges at the time of the merger.

As this is being written, a group, including some members of the original Lodge, is petitioning the Grand Lodge to be allowed to resurrect the Rose of Sharon Charter for a new Daylight Lodge under the Rose of Sharon name. This Lodge plans to meet, appropriately enough, on Saturday morning, the third Saturday of the month.

Of the original happenings of Morning Star Lodge, we have records; of the recent we have personal knowledge; but of the great span between the old and the new, there is a dearth of information. We do know, however, that in the long middle period both officers and brethren completed their appointed tasks with fidelity, each building upon the Masonic Edifice to which he was introduced in his time. We know, too, that each new member was a rebirth of the Lodge and that he, in return would extend its teachings.

The needs of our community, our country and the world, more than ever before, appear to call for the lessons of Masonry and the integrity of purpose and behavior which are imparted to its members. The forces against right and the just appear even more violent than those faced by our brothers in 1793. We of this generation must demonstrate that Masonry is alive and its teachings are vital in a world of turmoil and unrest.

It is to those brethren who have passed on to the Celestial Lodge above and to those of the present who, by their noble and continuous endeavor have brought Morning Star Lodge to its present position and us to its 200th Anniversary that we truly give honor. To all those before us, we are indebted for the heritage which they created and kept alive for us in Morning Star Lodge, and on this joyous occasion we silently pledge that what they have taught us of Masonry we will cherish and pass on unimpaired to those who follow.

OTHER

  • 1813 (Petition to remove to Leicester; denied, II-574)
  • 1814 (Petition to remove to Leicester reconsidered, II-585)
  • 1815 (Petition to remove to Leicester; denied, II-615)
  • 1816 (Conflict over jurisdiction, III-36, III-65)
  • 1829 (Report on delinquency, IV-170)
  • 1845 (Petition for a "public profession" granted, V-46)
  • 1846 (Petition for a public procession granted, V-93)
  • 1853 (Invitation to Grand Lodge for St. John's Day; accepted, V-460)
  • 1857 (Petition granted to date charter to original, VI-140)
  • 1875 (Presentation of a portrait of Isaiah Thomas, 1875-40)
  • 1913 (Participation in Worcester Temple corner stone laying, 1913-164)

EVENTS

CORNERSTONE LAYING, AUGUST 1824

Reproduced in Proceedings, Page 1896-254, at the Cornerstone laying of Worcester City Hall, September 1896:

Note. The Corner-stone of the present City Hall was laid by Morning Star Lodge in 1824. The Worshipful Master, Capt. Lewis Bigelow, was the builder, and the Lodge occupied one-half of the second (upper) floor. R.W. Charles G. Reed, Past Junior Grand Warden, and Ex-Mayor of Worcester, has furnished the following account of the ceremony, as reported in the Worcester "National Ægis" of August 4, 1824:

WORCESTER TOWN HOUSE.

The Corner-stone of this building, to be erected by the town for various municipal purposes, was laid on Monday last, in due form, by the Brethren of Morning Star Lodge, assisted by Craftsmen from several Lodges in the vicinity.

A procession of the Fraternity was formed at the Masonic Hall at 2 o'clock P.M., and moved, under the direction of Col. Samuel Ward, Marshal, to Mr. Stockwell's Hall, where the citizens of the town generally united with them, and from thence to the foundation of the Town House.

The religious exercises were appropriately performed by Rev. Br. Jonathan Going. The stone was then laid with the due and ancient ceremonies of Masonry, Br. Lewis Bigelow, Master Builder, and Col. Peter Kendall, Principal Architect. After the completion of these ceremonies, Br. [Samuel M.] Burnside delivered a very neat and handsome Address, well adapted to the occasion, in which he took occasion to advert to several prominent points in the history of the town. The exercises closed at the building with excellent music and a benediction from Br. Going. The whole transactions of the day were pleasant and harmonious; and the favorable circumstances under which the most important transaction of the town, as a Municipal Corporation, has been commenced, excite the hest hopes that it will soon and successfully be completed.

HALL DEDICATION, JANUARY 1827

From Masonic Mirror and Mechanics' Intelligencer, Vol. III, No. 3, January 1827, Page 17:’’

The following is an Extract from an Address delivered at the Dedication of the New Hall of Morning Star Lodge, in Worcester, by Pliny Merrick, Esq.:"

Never, O! never, may that evil day come when the harsh voice of dictation from the government of our country, imitating the cruel Ukase of the Autocrat of frozen degraded in sleeved and suffering Russia, or phonetic persecution of the perjured Ferdinand shall bid our voices be silent and overhaul halls closed! - when that voice shall say to the Craft, that they are suspected, and therefore they shall be persecuted – that their doings are unknown and therefore they shall be condemned and outlawed and shall be pursued with the fury and force strong and unfeeling despot! Susan that dark day of bitterness should come, I would that these walls should perish; but the solid granite of its foundation should molder to ashes! Sooner them that the freedom which is now accorded to us should be lost in the overshadowing cloud of such national slavery as must come, when the Rulers of our country a deer to use such language and employ such force to the people, I would that the green fields which are around us should become black and desolate; that the rich soil of our hills and valleys be turned to ashes; and that noble population which now subdues the earth with a freeman's strength and willingness be laid beneath it, that there bones may decay with those of their fathers, and their hearts be spared the agony of enduring the wretchedness of the change from Liberty to Despotism.

Let us be assured – and be strong in the faith – that that time may not – will not – home. Those liberal doctrines, which are the basis of our national institutions, are gaining ground in the world, and enchanting the affections of mankind. They have already been deeply planted on the wide plains of the Amazon and La Plata, and upon the lofty mountains of the Andes. They are known through Europe; and millions are aspiring to be either defenders, as they have been and are their proselytes. They will eventually pervade the four corners of the earth; and if good men are not mistaken in believing that a millennium is destined for the earth, it will be fulfilled and accomplished in the universal prevalence and the universal adoption of the doctrines, that man is born to be free, and has been endowed by the Power who gave him being with capacities for his own government.

And fear may not attach to us now, when these principles are not less known than approved, the means of information not narrowed or confined; but when the noble system of free schools is imparting to all a knowledge of right, and preparing all to become its consistent and intelligent protectors. At every advance of our country and age, the diffusion of knowledge and the moral sentiment of the people are giving new strength to the government; and while it may be said, almost without one word of qualification, that everything around us and among us is improving, it may not be doubted, that the Institution of Masonry shall stand safe and prosperous. Without interfering with the measures of government, people added sanctions to the Law, and make peaceable and quiet citizens to enjoy the fruits of the tranquility and to sharing all the virtuous glory of the nation.

Right Worshipful Master, Wardens and Brethren! Let us, in sober earnestness, congratulate ourselves that we are here; and possessed of the most ample and satisfactory means of pursuing the objects of our institution; a New Zealand should spring up within our minds to fulfill the high purposes for which it was founded. Wherever there may have been deviations from the circle of duty, with no efforts be wanting to correct irregularities; and if the tear of misfortune appeals to our sympathies, mankind hand of brotherhood hastened to wipe it away and relief poor in its wine and oil to heal all the wounds of affliction. With the pilgrim from afar shall be bowed down in the weariness of sorrow, and the stranger, worthy of our regard, shall be sinking under the weight of his calamities, with there be open hearts and open hands; and we shall then prove that the days of the good Samaritan are not yet numbered or finished. And if prosperity shall cease to smile upon any of us, if our wives and children become husbandless and fatherless, in the desolations with which they may be visited by Providence, may the hope which clings to the benevolent assurance of Masonry, be confirmed into faith, by its generous benedictions.

Be this spot sacred; sacred to friendship, to charity, and to every virtue; and while the fair arch above us protects us from the elements abroad, let it never echo back one murmur of discontent, nor one word of discord; but be it filled with the softer strains of exulting harmony; and as the ancient fathers and patriarchs, the holy men and prophets of Judea, strove to raise from the altar unacceptable incense of their burnt offering to heaven, so shall the craft here, by the constant exemplification of their principles – forever active, and verdant as their cassia – send forth a nobler fragrance, then the blood of sacrifice, that the praise of Masonry may be pronounced in the solvent thanksgivings of the relieved, while the tongue does still but feebly express the deeper gratitude of the heart.

Look back upon the ancient works of man, and behold how woefully time has triumphed! The synagogue has fallen with all its pageantry. – The canvass which is dug up from the storehouse of the dead, scarcely gives forth a trace of the master's hand, which once placed upon it pictures of enchanting beauty. The sculptured marble, which the chisel had worked into every variety of elegance, is broken, moldered and defaced. The Temple of Solomon, though rebuilt by Cyrus, is gone – it is gone forever. Its cedars from Lebanon have perished and all its rocks, from the quarries of Zeradathah, not one stands upon another which is not been torn down. The Dead Sea covers the cities of the plain with its bitter and waveless waters. But the wisdom of antiquity went not down with the wise to their tombs. – That has contended with desolation and oblivion and the survival of our Institution proves that it has not contended in vain. The bright line, which connects us with the departed of other days, gleams with a steady light through ages of darkness, till the effulgence of Hebrew glory breaks open upon of the enraptured vision, disclosing that the wisdom of their sages fell back from them, like the mantle of Elijah, as they departed for heaven, to adorn and bless the generations which rise up to take their places.

It has descended to us, to be used in improved; and then transmitted, bright and pure, to our posterity. Let us not tarnish the Jewels committed to our trust; but by uniting the practice of virtue, his enjoyments which virtue does not diminish, add continually to the sources of our own happiness; and exulting wisdom, give proof, by a precious example, that " her ways are pleasantness and her paths peace."

CONSTITUTION OF THE LODGE, APRIL 1845

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. IV, No. 6, April, 1845, p. 168:

CONSTITUTION OF MORNING STAR LODGE, WORCESTER, MASS.

To Augustus Peabody, Esq.
M W. G. Master, Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of Mass.

M. W. Sir :—Enclosed please find the Warrant by which you empowered me to constitute "Morning Star Lodge," and Install its officers; and with it I have the honor of transmitting a Report of my official proceedings.

The applicants for the Charter, with their associates, and many other Brethren of this, and the adjoining towns, assembled at the Masonic Hall, on the evening of Tuesday the 18th inst, at 7 o'clock. The Lodge was opened and the necessary preparations were made for the reception of the representatives of the Grand Lodge. The R. W. Pliny Slocomb, Dist. Dept Grand Master, was present, with several other Past Masters, and to them I am much indebted for their valuable assistance.

The Grand Lodge was represented as follows, viz:

  • R. W. Albert Case, as Grand Master.
  • Pliny Slocomb, as Deputy Grand Master.
  • Levi Rawson, P. M. Olive Branch Lodge, as Sen. Gr. Warden.
  • Asa Woodbury, P. M. as Jr. Gr. Warden.
  • Daniel G. Livermore, P.M. as Gr. Treasurer.
  • Caleb Chase, P. M. as Gr. Secretary.
  • James Estabrook, P. M. Morning Star as Gr. Marshal.
  • Nelson Cowing, P. M. Olive Branch as Sen. Gr. Deacon.
  • Simeon Thompson, P. M. Morning Star as Jr. Gr. Deacon.

This body having formed in an adjoining room, was waited upon by a Messenger, and informed that the new Lodge was opened and ready to receive it. The representatives then entered in procession, and were received in form. The officers of the new Lodge vacated the chairs, which were taken by the representatives, the former taking seats on the left.

The presiding officer then stated the object of the meeting, the Warrant empowering me to constitute the Lodge and Install the Officers was read, and the Brethren signified their satisfaction with my authority. The Brethren, with the exception of Past Masters, then retired. During their absence the Worshipful Master Elect, was bound to the faithful performance of his trust, and took his station on the left of the Master's chair. The Grand Marshal having formed the Brethren in procession, re-conducted them into the hall, and in passing the East, they saluted their Master; after which the Lodge was seated.

The preliminaries having been arranged, the Charter was read and the imposing ceremonies of Consecration were performed. The several Officers were Installed, and invested with the badges of their respective offices—the charges were delivered and the Lodge was constituted in form. The Grand Marshal then made the usual proclamation, and the blessing of the Supreme Grand Master was invoked by the Past Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina, who officiated as G. Chaplain during the ceremony of Consecration.

The Lodge is composed mostly of experienced Craftsmen, who will well and truly guard the Institution and promote its interets. The younger Masons associated with them, are intelligent, active and faithful. The prospect is that the Lodge will have all the work it can conveniently attend to, for the sham veil of antiraasonry has been rent in twain — the people have began to "consider their ways," and the highly respected members of the Fraternity will commend the Institution and gain for it the approval of the wise and good.

The Lodge retains in its possession a Bible, which the late Past Grand Master, Isaiah Thomas, presented to the former Lodge. After the Worshipful Master, Br. Horace Chenery,—had taken the chair, he presented the Lodge an elegant copy of the Holy Scriptures, and accompanied the presentation with a few appropriate remarks. It was a well-timed and useful gift, and placed in the centre, it shall give unfading light to the "Star."

I am happy to acknowledge the assistance rendered me by the intelligent Past Masters from abroad. Their zeal for Masonry is truly commendable. And now, Most Worshipful, I beg to congratulate you on the prosperous condition of the Masonic Fraternity in this State. Having recently returned from the State of South Carolina, where, for some years, I have associated with the Craftsmen in the labors of the Lodge, and where Masonry is enjoying a high degree of prosperity, it is a great satisfaction to me, that I am located within your jurisdiction, and permitted to associate in Masonic labors with the " Sons of Light" in the East.

I congratulate you on the uprising of the "Morning Star," and assure you, its light will not be dim! As members of the great Fraternity, may we be all, at one, influenced by the benign principles of pure Freemasonry, then under the inspection of wise and skilful overseers, and the direction of the Supreme Grand Master, we shall maintain the glory of our excellent Institution—increase its usefulness, and hand it down, a blessing to ages yet to come, and generations yet unborn.

All of which is respectfully submitted, by yours, fraternally,

Albert Case,
Special Deputy, &c.
Worcester, Feb. 22,1845.—A. L. 5845.

Worcester, Feb. 25, 1845.

Rev. Br. Albert Case,

Dear Sir:—The undersigned were appointed a Committee of Morning Star Lodge, to express to you their grateful acknowledgments for the very accurate and acceptable manner in which you performed the Ceremonies of Consecration of said Lodge, and in the Installation of its officers, on Tuesday evening, the 18th. Also, for the exceedingly able, eloquent and Masonic address, with which you favored them on that occasion, and they would respectfully request that you forward a copy of said address, with an account of the ceremonies of Consecration and Installation, to the editor of the Masonic Magazine for publication.

With great respect, your Brothers,
(Signed)
James Estabrook,
Henry Earl,
Horace Chenery,
Committee of Morning Star Lodge.

Respected Brethren:

Worcester, February 26, 1845.

Your favor of the 25th inst., in behalf of Morning Star Lodge, has been received. I am grateful for the expression of satisfaction on the part of the Lodge, with respect to the performance of the duties assigned me by the M. W. G. Master.

The remarks addressed to the Lodge and Brethren on the occasion, imperfect as they were, are in substance, submitted at your request for publication. With sentiments of Fraternal regard, I am respectfully, your Brother,

Albert Case.

ADDRESS TO THE MASTER.

Worshipful Master:—As the special deputy of the M. W. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of this Commonwealth, by the power and authority by him conferred upon me, and with the assistance of the R. W. Brethren present, I have Consecrated " Morning Star Lodge," and Installed its several officers. It is with a degree of satisfaction I will not attempt to describe, that I now have the honor of inducting you into the distinguished station your Brethren have called you to It would not become me to enter into a detail of the numerous and important duties devolving upon you in the responsible office you have assumed, because, in by-gone days, you have enjoyed the satisfaction of having performed them with the skill of a wise and faithful Master. Your ability and zeal are well known to those who have reposed the trust in you, and you can rely with confidence on their aid, to render your labors easy, agreeable and profitable.

To you, as the chief pillar of the Lodge—the Representative of Wisdom,—will the Brethren look for instruction. While they have been careful to fill the Chair with an experienced Mason, they have happily placed the jewel of your office on one that will not only lay out the work, and enforce the regulations, but set an example that shall influence others to work by the Square. As the Sun rises in the East to open and enlighten the day—to give warmth and vigor to man, so should the Worshipful Master rise,—open his Lodge in due time; give proper instruction for labor, cause the light of science to shine and impart knowledge among the Brotherhood, and thereby give greater vitality to Masonic teachings, that the Brethren, profiting by them, may receive full pay as Masons.

Before you, and shedding its light all around, is that Holy Volume, which as Masons we revere as the rule and guide of our "faith and practice," and under the benignant bend of the All-Seeing Eye, it will render your own and the pathway of the Brethren clear, and the journey pleasant. May that Eye which never slumbers nor sleeps, but sees into the innermost sanctuary of the heart, as well as the Lodge-room, look approvingly upon you and the members of the Lodge. May you have the high satisfaction of knowing that your works are accepted, and at the last be seated at the right of the Grand Master Supreme, in the celestial Grand Lodge!

ADDRESS TO THE WARDENS.

Bro. Senior and Junior Wardens:—The stations you occupy are important, and very much responsibility devolves upon you. By a faithful performance of your duties, you will greatly aid the representative of Wisdom in carrying out his plans of instruction and rearing the moral edifice. As the representatives of the pillars of Strength and Beauty, you are to yield support to the Master and strengthen and adorn the fair fabric with those excellences and virtues, which are of more value than a profusion of precious stones.

Br. Junior:—Your exertions will be required in the heat of the day, and the interests of Masonry demand that you be a faithful and prudent Overseer, and

"Ne'er Shrink from the Sun jn the pride of its height."

As the Sun at meridian is the glory and beauty of the day, so may you by precept and example cause the Brethren to act by the Plumb, to practice Temperance, Prudence and Justice, and adorn themselves with the beauty of holiness.

Br. Senior:—Your assistance is invaluable in directing the Craft on the level of equality, in their improvement in science and virtue. As the Sun sets in the West to close the day, you will see that all receive a proper share of instruction, that good-will may prevail, and none be allowed to depart dissatisfied, so that harmony may strengthen and support the Lodge, and give durability to our ancient Institution.

ADDRESS TO THE LODGE.

Brethren of the Lodge:—I congratulate you on the organization of Morning Star Lodge, in your beautiful Village, and on the bright prospects that open before you, for the inculcation and practice of those sublime virtues, which have a common God for their origin, and a boundless universe for their temple. It is matter of gratulation to the Fraternity, when another is added to the number of Altars before which Masons bow, at which they worship, and from which, the light of eternity is far shining, to instruct, improve and bless. But particularly to you, is it a joyous circumstance, that this Lodge, like a Phoenix, from the ashes of the old, has arisen in all the solidity and brightness of the Morning Star! Masonry, during its protracted slumber, has not here lost aught of its energy or its power. The workmen, though they have not for long years heard the sound of the gavel, calling them to labor, have been spared by the Grand Architect of Heaven and Earth, and now, in all the wisdom of early instruction, improved by the light and meditation of after years,—with jewels all bright and glowing, with clean hands and pure hearts,—you have assembled to renew your labors—to impart to the worthy and well qualified, those mysteries and principles which for long ages have made man Brethren, in fraternal affection, faithfulness and truth. It is well that the former workmen should again resume the tools and commence the labor. From your experience and love of Masonry, you are better prepared for the undertaking than young and inexperienced Craftsmen. You have seen the Institution in its palmy days, in the time of its power and useful¬ ness—in the hour of its former glory. You have witnessed its decline, and you know the cause.

You saw it when a night of thick darkness threw its ponderous clouds around its brow—when unprincipled recreants assailed its fortress with all the weapons that malignity could devise or dare. You have witnessed the haughty and heartless smile of the hypocritical and base pretender, as he flattered himself he saw the lightnings of vengeance and the thunders of wrath and indignation he had levelled against it, reaching its heart of hearts, piercing its vitals and producing its spasms, and its death throes! You have seen the aspiring, the ambitious politician, seeking to gain the hearts of the people, and rise to power, by calumniating an Institution whose principles were too pure for his perverted heart, and whose light was reaching that heart's core,—exposing its rottenness and reproving its sin. You have seen many of the gentler sex, who, in consequence of the false representations of the artful and designing, were prejudiced against the Institution which has extended its arms to protect and bless, and been a support and shield to them, and the lone orphan. Yet amid all this opposition from the depraved designing ones, and from the ignorant, yet confiding, whom the reckless so wickedly deceived,—you have not despaired. You have waited with good hope for the storm to spend its violence, and you have not waited in vain. You have seen the boisterous and contending elements hushed in silence, the prime movers of strife and discord retire in dismay and shamefacedness. You again behold the fair fabric of Masonry standing up in all her first grandeur, unscathed, undimmed,—redeemed,—her sanctuary cleansed, her pillars standing firm and immutable, with bright beams from the Omniscient Eye resting on their heads. Well did the Poet sing:

"Truth crushed to earth, will rise again;
The eternal years of God are her's;
But error wounded writhes in pain,
And dies amid her worshippers."

All true was this saying, and fully, in this instance, has it been verified.

The Brethren have witnessed all this, and now there seems to come over us a kind of inspiration, as we assemble in this sacred retreat, linger a moment on the past tribulations, and gladden our hearts with our present conditions and prospects.

" The rule and guide to our faith and practice," is still unchanged, bright and inviting as before,—the "All-Seeing Eye," is still watching over us—Faith, Hope and Charity have lost none of their influence—Brotherly love and Relief may yet be cherished and exercised—the

"Truth is mighty and will prevail."

My Brethren:—The past, with all its lights and shades, has been—the present is. For this time, was the past, and we should improve its lessons. The interests of the Fraternity are in some measure in yourliands. Let them not suffer in the house of their friends. Let each one feel that on him, his zeal, his conduct, rests the welfare of Freemasonry, and each one will promote its respectability and usefulness. Preserve the ancient land-marks unmoved; let your whole lives be regulated by the precepts of wisdom,—your characters have all the strength and support which virtue gives, and then will they be adorned with the beauty of holiness! By carefully observing the principles, you will preserve the mysteries, and extend the blessings of Freemasonry.

Ours being a system of peace, order and harmony, is promotive of fraternal affection and good will. These fruits should be seen in Lodge, and in all our intercourse with the world. Then will Freemasonry, the hand-maid of our holy religion, be commended,—its principles will spread abroad and their salutary influence be excited beyond the Lodge room, beyond the members of the mystic tie. They will go out like seed broad-cast, improving the social relations, moralizing and invigorating the mass of mind. Temperance, Fortitude, Prudence and Justice shall then be recognized as powerful principles, worthy to be cherished and practised, rather than as mere sounding names! Then will those not of the Order, feel the thrillings of benevolence and charity, and fraternize for the purpose of promoting the welfare of each other and of the great whole. When such associations arise, and arise they will, wherever Masonry spreads her wand and exerts her power, let us regard them without jealousy, not as Masonic societies, but as kindred in spirit, and extend to them that kindness which shall encourage the growth of benevolence and charity.

As Masons, we shall be pleased at all times to see the uprising of that Love which God has implanted in the bosoms of his children,—a principle which is far-reaching as the wants of humanity,—lasting as eternity! Be ye promoters of all that is good, then ye will be faithful Masons, and in due time receive a Master's pay.

Brethren, Officers and Members,—be co-workers in the great work, guard well the avenue to your Altar, allow it not to be polluted by profane hands --keep a strict watch over your own affections and conduct—square your lives by the square of virtue and maintain such characters as shall be approved by the Infinite One!

The M. W. Grand Lodge has been pleased to favor your re-organization ; it will rejoice in your prosperity; that prosperity will depend on your attachment to Masonry, your devotion to its interests, and your observance of its requirements. Be ye sincere, fervent, and true, and your Lodge shall be and remain, like

"The bright pillar that rose at Heaven's command,
When Israel marched along the desert land,
Blazed throngh the Night, on lonely wilds afar,
And, told the path, a never failing Star."

I have now performed the duty entrusted to me, by the appointment I had the honor to receive from the Most Worshipful Grand Master. As his representative, I tender you the thanks of the Grand Lodge, for your praiseworthy exertions to increase its honors and extend the beneficial influences of Freemasonry. I give you its parental benediction, and am happy in being enabled to assure that distinguished body, that the interests of Masonry have here been confided to faithful and true Brothers, in whose hands they are safe; that here, Masonry will be inculcated and honored, and that the Lodge it has planted in Worcester, shall be a firm pillar of the Grand Lodge, a promoter of our useful art—a bright—a MORNING STAR.

HALL DEDICATION, NOVEMBER 1846

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. VI, No. 3, January, 1847, p. 67:

DEDICATION OF THE NEW MASONIC HALL, WORCESTER, MASS.

The new Hall recently fitted up by Morning Star Lodge, in Worcester, was dedicated with appropriate services on Tuesday evening, Nov. 24th. At an early hour the Hall was filled by members of the Order, and a very intelligent assembly of ladies and gentlemen, anxious to witness the consecrating services.

The Grand Lodge was opened in ample form, in an adjoining apartment The following were the officers present:—M. W. Simon W. Robinson, G. Master; R. W. Ed. A. Raymond, as D. G. M.; Wm. Eaton, as S. G. W.; Ruel Baker, as J. G. W.; Albert Case, as G. Chaplain ; Ammi B. Young, as G. Treas.; Wm. Parkman, as G. Sec'ry ; E. F. Dixy, as G. Marshal.

The Grand Lodge, thus organized, the proper officers bearing the pitchers of corn, wine and oil, the venerable Dea. Alpheus Merrifield, bearing the Holy Bible, Square and Compass, entered the Hall and marched three times around the Lodge; during which time "Washington's March" was played on the piano, by Miss Perry. A fervent prayer was offered by the G. Chaplain of the G. R. A. Chapter of the State. The Hall was then solemnly consecrated by the Grand Master, M. W. Simon W. Robinson, Esq., in accordance with ancient form and usage.

An able and impressive address was then delivered by the W. and Rev. Br. Albert Case. He gave a history of the Lodge, from its organization—dwelt on the late opposition to Masonry, and the triumphs of the Institution. He depicted the political demagogue, who, he said, had " dreamed of leading forth the imaginary goat from the Lodge-room, and riding, John Gilpin-like, astride of the poor animal, into the Halls of Congress and the Gubernatorial chair of State." He then entered into a brief explanation of the principles and objects of Masonry, and concluded with an earnest appeal to the Brotherhood to carry out those principles in their lives.

During his remarks, he stated that the Lodge was chartered on the 25th of March, 1793. The late P. G. M., Isaiah Thomas, Esq., was the first Master, and during the two years of his service, he attended 52 meetings of the Lodge. Br. C. held up an ancient copy of the Holy Scriptures, which was presented to the Lodge on the 24th June, 1815, by Br. Thomas, and pointed to a beautifully bound Bible, on the Altar, the gift of P. M. Geo. Chenery. After the second ode had been sung, the G. Master delivered a very able and instructive charge to the Lodge and Fraternity.

The music was performed under the direction of Br. Emery Perry, by a number of ladies and gentlemen, who cheerfully gave their valuable services. Miss Perry presided at the piano.

The new Hall is in the third story of Haywood's Block, on Main street. It is 30 by 40 feet. There are two large and convenient ante-rooms. The whole is carpeted and furnished in a tasteful manner. The central Chandelier is rich and beautiful. The Globes, or shades, are ornamented with emblems of the Order.

Morning Star Lodge is in a prosperous condition. Henry Earl, Esq. is the presiding officer. The Worcester R. A. Chapter, and the Worcester County Encampment of Knights Templars, will hereafter occupy the apartments in the new Hall.

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. VI, No. 3, January, 1847, p. 90:

The following votes and resolutions should have accompanied the notice of the Dedication of the new Masonic Hall, at Worcester, given in a preceding page, but they were not received until after the first form had been put to press, and consequently too late to appear in their proper place:—

At a regular communication of Morning Star Lodge, Worcester, December 1, A. L. 5845,

Voted, That the thanks of this Lodge are due and hereby are returned to Simon W. Robinson, Esq., M. W. G. Master, the R. W. Brothers E. A. Raymond, William Eaton, Ruel Baker, A. B. Young and William Parkman, for their fraternal visit, and. for the very solemn and impressive manner in which they dedi¬ cated the new Hall on Tuesday evening last.

Resolved, That the thanks of this Lodge be tendered to G. M. Robinson for the dignified manner in which he presided, and for tho very instructive charge be delivered to the Lodge and the Fraternity on the evening of the consescration of this Hall.

Voted, That the thanks of this Lodge be tendered to R. W. Albert Case, for the eloquent and interesting address delivered before this Lodge and the public, on the above occasion.

Voted, That the thanks of this Lodge be returned to Br. Emery Perry, and the ladies and gentlemen who assisted him, for their services so cheerfully rendered, and for the highly satisfactory manner in which the musical part of the dedication was performed.

Voted, That the thanks of this Lodge be tendered to the committee for the satisfactory mariner in which they have performed the duties entrusted to them in fitting up this hall.

Voted, That a copy of the foregoing Resolutions be forwarded by the Secretary to Br. C. W. Moore, for publication in the Freemasons' Magazine.

Levi Clapp, Sec'ry, Morning Star Lodge.

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly Magazine, Vol. VI, No. 4, February, 1847, p. 110:

REV. CASE'S ADDRESS

Before the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, at the Dedication of the new Masonic Hall in the Masonic Temple, Boston, Nov. 11, 1846. By Rev. Albert Case, G. Chaplain of the Grand R. A. Chapter of Massachusetts.

The duty we have assembled to perform, is of a delightful character. This beautiful Temple is now completed, according to the original design, and we meet to consecrate these stately apartments to the purposes of Freemasonry.

The advancement of the principles, and the achievement of the glorious purposes, of Brotherly Love, Relief and Truth, encouraged by Faith, Hope and Charity, being the design of our Institution, it is becoming in us that we solemnly dedicate these walls to those high purposes. If the benignant genius of Freemasonry be worthy of honor, it is meet that there be a Temple and an Altar, where its disciples may offer up their devotions, undistracted by the scenes, unmoved by the turmoil, unshaken by the strifes and collisions of the outer world. United as Brethren, how appropriate that we have a common Temple, in which to hold communion, and a common Altar before which to bow:—a temple of refuge, where the true light shineth, — where the tempests of human passion may be calmed — the intellect cultivated — the heart rendered purer and better—and the moral constitution of man, with all its deep and mighty emotions, its impulses and bounding energies, may be chastened and purified, under the influence of the holy principles which form the basis of Masonry.

Science and the Arts have their temples: their walls are looming up in the heart of your beautiful city. Music and Painting have their consecrated halls and their altars. The religion of the Cross has its temples, its sacrifices, and its consecrated priests. Myriads of temples, set apart to the worship of the Supreme Majesty, point heavenward with their spires, and roll back their doors to admit the followers of His Son. In the midst of these temples of our holy religion, have arisen others, dedicated to the cause of Brotherly Love, Relief and Truth. The custom of setting apart public edifices to the Eternal, or for public or particular purposes, was early adopted. It has prevailed in all ages, and its propriety is not now questioned. The art of building was early had in requisition by man, and his convenience, preservation and safety, demanded its practice. As with man, so with families, associations, and large societies. They have ever found the art essential to the promotion of their mutual interest, their fame and permanency. This is eminently true of all moral and religious associations. The Tabernacle in the wilderness very favorably affected the Israelites. It animated them with hope, fired them with zeal and confidence, and encouraged them in their career of victory. It inspired them with a fervency in their devotions, and brought them to a more intimate communion with their Maker. So the Temple at Jerusalem served to cement the ties of friendship and religion, and bind man to his brother and his God. Its surpassing glory and magnificence attracted the attention of the wondering world, drew the inquisitive and the great of every country, and dazzled them by its splendor. It struck the mind with solemnity and awe, and opened the way for Him who had placed his name there, to dwell in the heart Beholding the costliness and beauty of the Temple, they were filled with wonder and astonishment; they were led to meditate upon the All-wise Contriver, and become the grateful servants, the sincere worshippers of the great Builder of heaven and earth, of whom they had previously been in comparative ignorance.

In fine, public edifices have in all ages been deemed so useful in promoting the views and pursuits of those for whose purposes they have been erected, that religious, scientific, military and commercial societies have almost universally reared for themselves convenient and costly structures. In the days of Nimrod, the sacred record informs us, the Babel-builders said—" Let us build us a city and a tower: Let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad." (Genesis, xi. 4.) History is full of interesting testimony, showing that societies, as they have be¬ come numerous and compact, have felt the necessity of a home to which they could retire in comfort and safety. In many instances, the favor with which they have been regarded, and the success which has attended their labors, have been commensurate with the magnificence and grandeur of the edifices they have erected.

Some associations have failed to provide halls for their convenience, and though they have assumed a name, not having any abiding place, they have lingered for a time, and gone down to be known no more.

Freemasons have long considered it important that they should be provided with suitable temples, wherein they could meet in safety, and pursue their work with convenience and comfort. In England, the early endeavors of the Brethren to accomplish so noble an enterprise, for a time met with opposition, but that opposition gradually gave way, and in 1768, under the superintendency of the Duke of Beaufort, the then Grand Master, an attempt was made to raise a fund for the express purpose of building a Hall for the use of the Grand Lodge. The plan then formed was not at first considered feasible; but finally met with general approval. Seven thousand pounds were raised, and provision was made to add to this amount Lord Petre, who succeeded the Duke of Beaufort in 1772, had the happiness of seeing that plan matured and the Hall erected. The foundation stone was laid by the Grand Master and his officers, in the lot purchased in Great Queen street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, on the 1st day of May, 1775, amid the rejoicings of a brilliant assemblage of the Craft At that time, it is said, "the name of Masonry was highly honored throughout Europe, being protected and encouraged by the particular favor and regard of Kings and men of high rank. And the Mason's Lodge in England, was, by the whole Brotherhood throughout the world, made to preside over Masonry." The ceremony on the occasion was solemn and imposing: it inspired Joy in the true-hearted, and gave new hopes of increasing glory to 'the Craft. The house and garden on the site of which this Hall was built, were purchased by the Freemasons for £3,200. The magnificent structure was dedicated to Masonic purposes on Thursday, the 23d of May, 1776. The Right Hon. Lord Petre, the Grand Master, who laid the corner-stone, presided at the consecration. Thus was reared and dedicated, the first Masonic Hall in England,—the entire cost of which was more than twelve thousand pounds. It was a splendid monument of the munificence of the Brotherhood, who are represented as singing—

"May this famed fabric stand until the day, That, o'er the world, its owners gain the sway."

Or, till Masonry shall have performed its mission, erected its altars in every land, and planted its benign principles in the hearts of the whole people.

In 1773, its light dawned upon this Western Hemisphere ; and here, in this city, the Brethren, encouraged by the Grand Lodge of Kngland, erected an altar, and placed thereon the Great Light, to direct them in their labors of love. The Fraternity having a name, the subject of a Masonic Hall—a suitable and permanent place of meeting for the Grand Lodge and the Fraternity—soon arrested their attention. They were aware that their Comfort and respectability required a home—a place apart from the distractions of the world—"remote from busy life's bewildered way"—unprofaned by ebulitions of base passions, or exhibitions of cold selfishness and party strife,—a place where they could meet on a common level, to cultivate the sublime virtues,—where Truth and Sincerity, Brotherly Love and Hope, might gently distill their healing influences, and impart light and joy ;—a Temple to contain the Altar, before which to bend the knee in adoration to God, and where the gentle fires emanating from Faith, and Hope, and Charity, should chasten and purify the sacrifices placed thereon, and consuming them, float back in holy incense to heiven.

In 1763, an opportunity offering for the purchase of Concert Hull, at the corner of Queen (now Court) and Hanover streets, the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts judged that the possession of it would contribute to the "honor, convenience and benefit of the Society." A special meeting of the Grand Lodge was accordingly called on the 28th of Oct., at which the Brethren voted, unanimously, to purchase it, at the rate at which it was offered, viz: 1200 pounds sterling. (Now worth, probably, fifty or sixty thousand dollars.) A subscription was immediately opened to obtain the required rain; but, notwithstanding the agreement made with its proprietor, it was sold the next day, to the great disappointment of the Brotherhood.

1 have not been able to learn that anything further was done in relation to the purchase of a Hall for this Grand Lodge, until 1818, when a committee was appointed to procure a suitable place for its meeting. On the 27th Dec, 1819, this committee reported in favor of the purchase of the building called Merchants' Hall, located at the corner of Congress and Water streets. It was a large and spacious building, and was then offered to the Grand Lodge tor $25,000. It was estimated that it would cost about $14,000 to arrange and put it in order, and that when properly fitted up, the rents, independent of the Masonic apartments, would amount to $800 above the interest on the Coat, reserving the third and fourth stories for Masonic purposes. The committee strongly urged the purchase, and the Grand Lodije voted to subscribe for twenty shares at $80 per share, leaving the balance to be taken by the Lodges and individual Brethren. The shares, however, were not taken up, and the project failed.

Notwithstanding these repeated disappointments, the Brethren, true to the interests of Masonry, did not despair of eventually effecting the object so dear to their hearts. Their next movement in relation to the purchase or erection of a suitable Hall, was in December, 1825, when a committee was appointed to inquire into " the expediency and practicability of procuring a permanent place for the meetings of this Grand Lodge." The selection of Brethren to compose this Committee was excellent, and its labors resulted in the erection of the splendid edifice in which we are now assembled,—an edifice that is an ornament to your proud city, itself worthy of such a Temple.

The corner-stone was laid on the 30th of October, 1830, amidst the rejoicing of its friends and the satire and ridicule of its enemies. It was in the height of the antimasonic excitement, when storm after storm beat upon our Institution— when whited sepulchres poured out their stores of dead matter, and all manner of indignity upon us, condemning virtues they did not possess, till by many it was considered a disgrace to be known as a Mason. The theologian, whose sentiments Masonry had never gainsayed—the aspiring political demagogue, whose itching mind and golden dreams of exaltation and power, it had never flattered— the base traducer of principles he had been taught to revere, and had eloquently commended, yet, from the impurity of bis heart, he had rejected, because of their reproof,—these bent all their powers to mar the glory of the Institution, and bring it into disrepute among the people generally, and politicians in particular. In their hot displeasure, they dug the grave, raised the pale slab, and wrote the epitaph of Masonry. There they stood, waiting for its struggles and its death-throes, and there, at that unseemly grave, they now stand, petrified monuments of the folly of antimosonry. Scalding tears of remorse and disappointment are seen trickling down the lengthened furrows of their ghastly visage, while the pillars of Masonry, rising higher and higher, and shining with increasing lustre, lend their shadow, like the cloak of charity, to hide them from the scorn of the passer by. It was in the midst of an opposition compounded of hypocrisy and deceit, of ignorance and fear, of hope of official power and rule, that the Brethren of Massachusetts dared, with unshamed brow, to maintain their integrity —to give to the world another evidence of their attachment to our time-honored Institution!

The ceremony of laying the corner-stone of this Temple was public. The Brethren, to the number of 2267, assembled at Faneuil Hall, and marched in procession to the place selected for its erection. It was the most splendid procession, of Masons ever formed in this country, and equal to any, of any class or name, in point of respectability, intelligence, and moral worth. The long tried and. faithful fathers were there,—the hoary head, crowning itself with another wreath of glory, while, with tottering step, it graced that long line of the true; and there was the merchant, the lawyer, the farmer, the mechanic, the mariner, the scholar, the doctor and the divine. There, was the venerable and Rev. Dr. Ripley,* (a revolutionary veteran,) Harris,* Eaton, Dean, Barrett, Wells, Sabine,* Streeter, and Taylor, (*since deceased) —all ministers at the sacred altars of religion, and all zealous in their devotion to the divine principles and purposes of freemasonry. The enemies of Masonry were stationed at the corners of the streets to deride and insult with the hiss of scorn. But the exalted character of the men who formed that procession, together with a just public sentiment, restrained and overawed the revilers, and they retreated before the indignant gaze of outraged propriety. Inf the pride of manly virtue, with a determination to maintain and defend the good and the true, the Brethren marched on, triumphing over the prejudices of the weak, turning the ignominious shafts that were hurled at them into triumphal arches, or letting them fall at their feet, as. the spear of the nerveless Priam against the buckler of Pyrrhus. The corner-stone was laid, the building was erected, and on the 30th day of May, 1832, it was solemnly dedicated. The Rev. Bernard Whitman, a learned and talented Brother, (since deceased,) delivered the dedicatory address, The Masonic Fraternity have since enjoyed the favor of meeting in this building, occupying the apartments in the fourth story. These were spacious, and deemed sufficient during the depression of Masonry. But as

"Truth crush'd to earth will rise again"—

so has Masonry risen to the meridian, and reassumed its proper place in public confidence and esteem. It has triumphed over the machinations of the vile and illiberal, removed the cloud of prejudices from the public mind, and lighted up even ignorance with some faint conceptions of the value of honesty, benevolence and truth. The progress of the Fraternity has been steady nnd satisfactory ; the light has not been dimmed—our numbers have increased, till the apartments heretofore occupied by the Lodges in this city, are no longer sufficiently ample for their accommodation. The wisdom of those who drew the design of the Temple, is now apparent They looked forward, confident of the increase of the Brotherhood. They provided for the accommodation of the Fraternity in its lofty and increased estate. These splendid rooms, originally intended for Masonic purposes, have now been fitted up in surpassing richness and excellent taste, for their reception. A commendable liberality has been manifested by the different branches of the Fraternity, and now, in coming down to occupy a lower apartment, we do it that we may be exalted in point of privilege and comfort, in numbers and respectability.

The M. W. Grand Lodge and its subordinates, may here, in these inner courts, under their own vine and fig tree, cultivate their sublime rites, impart and enforce their benign principles, and enjoy the fruit of their labors. And here, the Grand and subordinate Chapters may meet, to mark well the decisions of wise councils, and celebrate their return from the captivity of Babylonian antimasonry. And here, too, the Banner of the Cross may wave in triumph. Beneath its folds the weary pilgrim may listen to instruction, that shall guide him safely, and ensure him success. Here, also, by the assistance of that lesser light, (Reference is here made to the beautiful Chandelier, generously presented by the Grand Encampment of Massachusetts and Rhode Island) we may all search that Greater Light, ever open on the altar of our Lodge, learn from it to purify our hearts from sin, and that

" Magna at Veritat et precalebit."

Long may the Supreme Grand Master permit this Temple to stand, and these apartments to remain, a shrine for Masonic principles,—a monument of the zeal and perseverance of the Craft, and of the union and friendship that now happily exist among the Brethren. These rooms, gorgeously arrayed for our convenience, will tend, I trust, to cement us more and more in the bonds of fraternal affection, and incite us to sustain the fair fame of Masonry in this Commonwealth. You, my Brethren of Boston, have spared no needful cost to make ovr Temple Convenient and beautiful. The hand of the curious artificer has been at work,— taste has been displayed and treasure expended in adorning these apartments. Brethren have vied with each other in their exertions. Three Chairs, of costly material and curious workmanship, donated by a generous Brother, for the use of the officers, shall blend the name of Chickering with that of the Temple, and enshrine it in the hearts of his Brethren. And that elegant Clock, the gift of our estimable Brother, C. Gayton Pickman, shall note the time for labor and refreshment ; and if, from our love of work, or social enjoyment, we are inclined to tarry till a late hour, it shall call us to retire to the bosom of our families, and the performance of our domestic duties. It is a timely present, and will preserve in our memory the name and virtues of the generous donor, when he shall hare passed from time to eternity.

As no expenditure of money, no art, or array of numbers can make in truly great, except we ourselves are true, let us, every one in his place, endeavor by a daily progress in virtue and benevolence, to aid in building up the great moral temple, that shall stand when this, built with hands, beautiful and faultless as it is, shall have tumbled into ruins. Let us devote our energies to the carrying forward to completion, the spiritual fabric, with full confidence that the principles of Truth, Goodness and Love will endure when the beautiful works of art, the temples and old pyramids, shall have decayed and fallen. If our Institution commends itself by the splendor of its structure, its members should commend themselves by their temperance, fortitude and charity. If the rays of the sun at its rising, dart through these lofty windows and meet and mingle here in softened hues, so let Faith, and Hope, and Charity, freed from evil passions and unholy principles, meet here, and blend in promoting the gentle influences of peace and love. Let us remember the saying of the poet—

" To build a temple, more we need than toil,
And piles of stone that crush their parent Mill;
The hearts of men must form its deep foundation—
Its towers must rise on trusting aspiration."

All around us sufficiently manifests that the hearts of the founders of this structure were engaged in the work:—they loved Freemasonry—they labored for humanity. Many of them are now with us: they have reared the edifice and adorned it with magnificence. Let us, by our good works, entwine its pillars with wreaths of fadeless glory.

While engaged in consecrating these apartments, the mind, absorbed in the contemplation of the high moral purposes we have in view, forgets the external magnificence of the edifice, the dazzling splendor of the interior, and, guided by the power of Faith, encouraged by the excitement of Hope, strengthened and sustained by the influence of heaven-born Charity, feels confident that nought can check our progress. What if stubborn prejudice, spiteful opposition, foolish caprice, or the scorn and ridicule of bigotry, do, for a time, impede us in our career of philanthropy? The convolving clouds of darkness shall break and disperse ; the lightnings of vengeance shall cease to shoot their death-fires—the thunder-tones of human wrath and indignation that have rolled over the;land, carrying dismay in their reverberating peals, shall be succeeded by the still, small voice of love and good will,—and from these consecrated walls shall go out the mighty spirit of Truth and Charity, which shall achieve a peaceful triumph ever every obstacle—convince the understanding, and secure universal respect and esteem for Freemasonry.

Our principles, my Brethren, are before the world. We have presented them all bare and beautiful to men for their inspection, their approval and adoption. Let us carry them out in our lives—relieve the distressed, give light to those in darkness, comfort the widow, support and educate the orphan, and promote the glorious annunciation which pealed from the blue sky, while cherubim and seraphim hymned in glad chorus, "On earth, peace and good will among men." We have co-workers all over the civilized world; but especially to the Brethren on this continent, may we look for our wisdom to be their wisdom, and our example to be imitated. They, in their struggles for advancement in the mysteries and virtues of our Institution, will turn their eyes to this city, where Masonry was early planted, and ever faithfully guarded—and to this Temple, where it is preserved in its purity, and in honest hearts.

As yon tall shaft, which holds the emblem of affections cherished for the lamented Warren, raises its head sublimely towards the heavens, so here may our Institution rise majestically to the blue arch above, to be seen and admired of all men. From this city, the "Grand East" of our Order—whence the Masonic Press is sending forth in their purity and truthfulness, the genuine principles of Freemasonry—diffusing throughout the Masonic world,, a better knowledge of its laws, its history, and its literature,—securing a Moore correct discipline and practice, and laying up, in a well-conducted and popular Magazine stores of knowledge for future use and improvement,—may the Light go forth, in one continued blaze, until the .vast plains, the hills and vales, and the old mountain peaks, shall be illumined by Truth and warmed by Charity.

Standing, as I do, among aged and experienced Brethren, who have borne up the Ark in storm and in sunlight, I feel that any advice I could give, would be a work of supererogation ; yet permit me to admonish you to guard well the avenues to your temple. In the height of our prosperity and usefulness, the vestibules of our halls will be thronged with those anxious to bow at our altars. It is important, therefore, that we scrutinize well the characters of the applicants. Admit none but the intelligent and worthy. Be not rash in rejecting, but be cautious in receiving. Do not increase your numbers, at the expense of the respectability of your Lodges. Sacrifice nothing that belongs to Masonry, for the sake of writing legion in your archives. Looking, yourselves, to the ancient land-marks, see that Brethren are well instructed, that they may trace the ancient lines, and know the value of one degree, before you advance them to the light of another.

The ancient philosophers admitted their pupils through various probationary degrees. The Levites had the several degrees of initiation, consecration and ministration. The oriental schools used a set form of discipline. The scholar was first termed disciple, next junior, then bachur; and after he had proved himself a proficient in the studies, and was thought worthy, he was permitted to graduate. This form of discipline is still practiced in all learned societies, and should more particularly be in ours. Let the Brother become proficient in the inferior degree, and then be admitted to the superior; and while the chain of knowledge will be visible to his mind's eye, the Lodge will be composed of expert Masons, whose work will stand the test of the Square.

But while we would guard our Lodges from improper admission, and enlighten the Brethren, we must preserve purity of character within. It is said of Scipio Africanus, that he had a son who had nothing of the father but the name,— an indolent, vicious, cowardly person—and yet the son of one of the greatest captains in the world. The son wore a ring upon his finger, wherein was his father's picture. His life and character were so opposite to that of his father, and so unworthy, that, by an act of the Roman Senate, be was commanded to forbear wearing the ring. They judged it unfit that he should have the honor of wearing the picture of the father, who in no respect resembled his father's excellence. So, Brethren, if among our members are found those who have nothing of Masonry but the name, whose lives are adverse to its inculcations, and who will not cherish or practise its principles, let the pruning knife be applied, before they bring deep and lasting disgrace upon the Institution. Let the edict of the Lodge go forth, be is not for us, and shall not longer be of us. The world hears our professions,—let the world see a corresponding life and character, and the triumphs of Masonry will be complete.

Most Worshipful and Brethren :

I congratulate you on your success and influence. I congratulate the whole Fraternity. You have done much to perpetuate the principles, and hand down the blessed influences of Masonry. From your exalted position and privileges, you command the respect and admiration of the Masonic world. Maintain that exalted station,—exert that healthful, moralizing influence,—spread far and wide the principles and blessings of the Order,—perform all its holy offices,—and when sculptured tombs and monumental busts shall be no more—when the solid temples pf earth shall be levelled with the ground, and the lofty monuments of art shall have crumbled into ruins, may the Moral Temple, which you are rearing through Faith, and Hope, and Charity, continue to rise, until its majestic form shall pierce the clouds of heaven,—the glory of the Supreme Majesty o'ershadow it, and the spiritual Cape-stone be brought with the triumphal shout of grace and joy.

MASONIC FESTIVAL, JUNE 1847

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. VI, No. 9, July 1847, Page 276:

ORIGINAL MASONIC SONGS.

The following Songs, written for the occasion, were sung at the Masonic Festival at Worcester, on the 24th ult:—

I. BY R. W. BR. THOMAS POWER.

Tune— Auld Lang Syne.

Again in social kindness met,
As Brothers good and true,
We 'll cherish still, and ne'er forget
The thoughts to friendship due.

Chorus.—As days and years roll kindly by,
And varied scenes appear,
No change shall reach the social tie,
To Brothers ever dear.

A hand of welcome we extend,
To friends and Brothers here;
And ever, till life's joys shall end,
Shall memory linger near.

Chorus —As days and years, &c.

How dear, upon our festal day,
To join the social band,
To gather pleasures while we may,
United heart and hand.

Chorus.—As days and years, &c.

For others be the warrior's plume,
For them the trumpet's blast;
Be ours the laurels that shall bloom
In love, while time shall last.

Chorus.—As days and years, &c.

While Wisdom gives its steady light,
And Strength its manly aid,
In smiles of Beauty hearts unite,
That ne'er from memory fade.

Chorus.—As days and years, &c.

Then hold we on our even way,
That dearest friends approve,
Till passed where friendships ne'er decay,
Nor fades Fraternal Love.

Chorus.—As days and years, &c.

II. BY J. H. D., OF BOSTON.

Air—Bonnie Doon.

Their perils pass'd—the warfare o'er—
Hate's ruthless rage all spent in vain—
Upon this festal day, as erst,
In peace the Craftsmen meet again.
Again all o'er the land is heard
The busy Gavel's pleasing sound,—
And where, but late, we met with foes,
True friends and Brothers now abound.

Repeat.—And where, but late, &c.

Again, as erst, with blithesome hearts,
We come in strength and pride today;
Not as the victors, to exult,
But to our Patron honor pay.
Here, hoary heads, with Wisdom crown'd,
And vig'rous manhood's Strength are met;
While Woman's Beauty radiant glows,
Like diamonds in thick cluster set.


Repeat.—While Woman's beauty, &c.

Wide o'er the earth as Heaven's own light,
Our Craft is spread—a balm for grief:—
Where'er in woe a Brother's found,
A Brother's hand brings quick relief.
Hark! o'er the wave, from Erin's shores,
There comes a famish'd people's cry :
The needed aid is quickly sent,
And Masons swell the blest supply.

Repeat.—The needed aid, &c.

Oh! life were but a cheerless scene,
And drear and dark the way we tread,
Did we not know fraternal joys,
Had we not Woman, light to shed.
As parent, wife, and friend, most dear,
We greet her presence here today:—
Still faithful found, and blessing still,
"She points to Heaven and leads the way."

Repeat.—Still faithful found, &c.
Oh.' hail the day,—improve the hour :
Let social joy and mirth abound:—
Still firm our truth-based Temple stands,
And faithful Craftsmen still are found.
Though blind-led hate our Art assail,
We 've nought to fear :—in God we trust :
By Him upheld, 'twill live and bless,
When man's best monuments are dust.

Repeat.—By Him upheld, &c.

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. VI, No. 10, August 1847, p. 289:

The anniversary of the nativity of St. John the Baptist was celebrated agreeably to previous arrangement, under the auspices of Morning Star Lodge, at Worcester, in this State, on the 24th of June. It was a clear, bright day, and the assemblage was one of the largest we have witnessed on any similar occasion within the last twenty years. The special train of cars that left this city in the morning, took up about six hundred passengers, composed of Brethren and their ladies. Besides these, there was a very large attendance from the neighboring towns, and we noticed delegates from the extreme parts of the Commonwealth. Our engagements did not allow of our taking the names of the different organised bodies present. Among them, however, were the Grand Lodge of the Commonwealth, the Boston Encampment, the Grand Council of Princes of Jerusalem, several Chapters, and ten or fifteen Lodges.

The Committee of Arrangements of Morning Star Lodge deserve great credit for the excellent provisions made for the celebration. If they were at fault in any particular, it was in under-estimating the number of Brethren and their fair companions, that would be present at the place where the "creature comforts" were provided ;—in consequence of which (we suppose we must say excusable) miscalculation, many who would have Bwellcd the gay assemblage in the dining-hall, had to forego the pleasure of participating in the " feast of reason and the flow of soul" which was there supplied.

At about half-past 11 o'clock, the Boston Encampment, under the command of Sir John R. Bradford, escorted the Grand Council of Princes of Jerusalem from their room at the Worcester House, to the Masonic Hall, where they received the Grand Lodge and Morning Star Lodge, and escorted them to the beautiful public Park at the upper part of the village, where the Lodges and Chapters were assembled. The procession was then formed by Col. James Estabrook, Chief Marshal, (assisted by Brs. E. F. Dixie and Col. Ivers Phillips,) in the following order :

Boston Encampment of Knights Templars.
Entered Apprentices.
Fellow-Crafts.
Master Masons, (not formed in Lodges.)
Lodges, according to date of Charter.
Royal Arch Masons.
Royal Arch Chapters, (according to date of Charters.)
Grand Council Princes of Jerusalem.
Moat Worshipful Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.
Orator and Chaplains.
Morning Star Lodge.

The procession moved at about 12 o'clock; and on reaching the Worcester House, was joined by two hundred and fifty ladies, and twice that number of bright and beautiful eyes. With this brilliant and dearly cherished accession, the line moved on to the First Unitarian Church, where the following exercises took place:

Voluntary—Organ—by Prof. Hamilton.

Anthem—By a select Choir, under the direction of Prof. Br. Emery Perry.

Go forth to the Monnt, bring the olive branch home,
And rejoice, for the day of our freedom is come!
From that time when the Moon upon Ajalon's vale,
Looking motionless down, saw the kings of the earth
In the presence of God's mighty champion grow pale,
Oh, never had Judah an hour of such mirth.

Go forth, &c.

Bring myrtle, bring palm, bring the boughs of each tree,
That is worthy to wave o'er the tents of the free.
From that day when the footsteps of Israel shone
With a light not their own, through Jordan's deep tide,
Whose waters shrunk back as the Ark glided on,
Oh! never had Judah an hour of such pride!

Go forth, &c.

Prayer—By Rev. A. Hill.

Chant—(From Power's Melodies)—"Rejoice all ye that are assembled," &c.

Oration—By R. W. and Rev. Br. Benj. Huntoon.

Hymn—" Angel of Charity."

Benediction—By Rev. Br. [http://www.masonicgenealogy.com/MediaWiki/index.php?title=GMRandall Randall.

The Oration, by Rev. Br. Huntoon, occupied about an hour in the delivery. It was a highly creditable production, and worthy of the reputation of its estimable author. We took no notes at the time, and have delayed the preparation of this account of the proceedings so long, that we dare not now attempt to sketch its argument from memory.

The singing was admirable. The beautiful Anthem, " Go forth to the Mount, bring the olive branch home," was executed with consummate skill and propriety.

At the conclusion of the exercises at the Church, the procession was again formed in the same order as before, and marched to the Upper Town Hall, where arrangements had been made for the company to dine ; but, unfortunately, only about eight hundred plates had been spread, and many of the Brethren, in consequence, were obliged to resort to the public houses and other places of refreshment, for the means of appeasing a somewhat sharp appetite!

The tables were handsomely and tastefully arranged, and with about three hundred ladies facing the elevated seats prepared for the Grand Lodge and other distinguished bodies, presented a beautiful and enlivening appearance.

After dinner, the R. W. and Rev. Br. Albert Case, Chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, welcomed the Brethren in the following appropriate address:

Brethren:—By request of the Committee of Arrangements, in behalf of Morning Star Lodge I give you Masonic greeting. I hnil you as Brethren, and bid you fraternal welcome. Welcome to the heart of the Commonwealth,—welcome to the feast of reason,—welcome, thrice welcome to the Festival of St. John, the Patron Saint of Freemasonry. We welcome you tbe more heartily, on account of the length of time that has elopsed since a similar scene has been witnessed in our village. Our hearts are gladdened to behold such a large number of the faithful and true assembled at our invitation, to rejoice with us—to take sweet counsel together, and encourage each other in their labors of love.

We are honored with the presence of distinguished Brethren from the far north Vermont, from Maine, Rhode Island, and Connecticut—from the proud metropolis of our own State—from the heights where Warren fell—from our cities and towns both far and near. You come with joyous countenances to meet us here, where Masonry was early planted—where the venerable and lamented Thomas labored, and maintained his integrity, and where others, less principled and less true, faltered and fell,—where, in times of rank apostacy and heartless persecution, the Morning Star sank under the cloud. But you have seen the sign of its rising, and you behold it now in its meridian splendor, with no clouds lowering around its base, its pillars pointing heavenward in their pristine beauty, standing firm and unshaken in the wisdom of years and the strength of Masonic principle.

It is meet that we should rejoice together on this occasion, and strengthen our hands and encourage our hearts in the promotion of the welfare of humanity.

We are favored with a large assemblage of the beauty and intelligence of our land, who, by their approving smiles, inspire us with new hopes, and bid us God speed, as the protectors of innocence and the soothers of sorrow. We give to the ladies a cordial greeting, and feel that we are surrounded by an influence that shall sustain us, and bear us upward and onward to noble triumphs.

Brethren—All, on this happy occasion, is gladdening to our hearts. Not only here, but all over the Commonwealth,—throughout all our favored country—in Europe, and elsewhere, our ancient and honorable Institution is in a healthy, prosperous, and happy condition,—the shattered walls have been built up, the moral Temple is rising, altars are again uncovered, and from the sleep of years, the Order has become invigorated, purified and rendered sound in health, and active in useful deeds. Our hearts glow with gratitude to the Grand Master Supreme, who hath preserved our altars, and. given renewed life, liberty and joy to our Institution.

Again, Brethren, I bid you welcome, and give you the

Hand with a Freemason's grip,
With heart in the grasp, and truth on the lip:
The chain that unites us shall never more sever,
We will be Freemasons—Freemasons forever!

The Chief Marshal then announced the following sentiments, which were cordially responded to by the Brethren, on strictly temperance principles :

  1. Our country and our Order. Music—Hail Columbia.
  2. The M. W. Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. Music—Washington's March.
  3. The Memory of those eminent Men and true Freemasons—Washington, Warren and Franklin. Music—Oft in the stilly night.
  4. The Memory of Past Grand Master, Isaiah Thomas—The light he shed round the Altar of Morning Star Lodge, shall not cease to burn while Acacia blooms. Music—Bums' Farewell.
  5. Our much respected Guests and Brethren, who have honored us with their presence this day. Music—Come o'er the heather.
  6. Woman—By her presence and approval, she encourages us, and sanctions the pure principles of her nature—Charity and Relief.

After the above, several volunteer sentiments were given. We add such as were handed to us for publication :

By W. Br. Earl, Master of Morning Star Lodge:

  • The Freemasons' Monthly Magazine—A great light shining from the East,—is now at its meridian height, dispensing its genial rays to the South. May it never set in the West, until it has illumined the minds of the Craft with Moore of its refulgent light.

To this sentiment, after thanking the W. Master for his compliment, and the Brethren for the hearty endorsement they had placed upon it, the Editor of this Magazine responded, substantially, as follows :

"And now, W. Master, you will allow me to congratulate the members of Morning Star Lodge, that the ever-revolving wheel of time has brought around this day, when they are again permitted to assemble in peace and security, and to parade through the public streets of their own beautiful village, without fear of subjecting themselves to insult or derision.

"It may not be known to all the Brethren present, that, in common with many of its sister Lodges, yours fell before the storm which, a few years since, swept over the whole Commonwealth, like the sirocco-blast of the desert,—paralysing the energies of our Institution, polluting the fountains from which flow the purest streams of social happiness, and spreading broadcast over the land the seeds of a moral pestilence.

"Morning Star Lodge did not, indeed, fall without a struggle. It stood for a season, as the knarled oak stands in the open pasture. Reposing in its native strength, it nobly braved the storm and defied the hurricane, till the lightnings came and stripped it of its limbs and scattered its foliage. It then drooped and withered. But the roots were too firmly planted in the soil to be eradicated, and through their recuperative energies, the trunk has put forth new limbs, clad in richer and more luxuriant drapery, and the old scathed oak again stands before us today, in all its primitive beauty and comeliness. And, W. Master, the sincere and ardent prayer of your Brethren is,' that it may long continue to stand and to prosper, undisturbed by dissensions within and prejudices without,—that beneath its grateful shade, you, and the Brethren associated with you, may long continue to cultivate the virtues of Brotherly Love and Charity, and to exemplify before the world that spirit of fraternal affection which is the strength and support of our Lodges.

"The town of Worcester, Sir, presents an interesting page in the early history of Freemasonry in this Commonwealth. It has furnished its full share of distinguished and faithful Brethren. It has also furnished its full share of those whose moral characters, in the language of an eloquent Brother, the ravenous birds of the air have long since stolen and devoured. Among the former—and they only claim our attention—was one whose name will illustrate the history of Massachusetts, so long as faithful public services and high moral worth, shall be regarded as qualities worthy of remembrance. I allude to the late distinguished Brother, the Hon. Timothy Bigelow—the able jurist and accomplished statesman. He was a native of Worcester, and Past Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of this Commonwealth.

"And there was another eminent Brother, Sir, whose name. there is a peculiar propriety in introducing to our younger Brethren on this occasion. Isaiah Thomas was one of the original petitioners for the charter, and the first Master of Morning Star Lodge. He was born in Boston, in 1749, and probably connected himself with the Masonic Fraternity soon after he had attaiued to his majority. In 1794, he was elected S. G. Warden, and in 1803, G. Master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. He established himself in Worcester immediately after the breaking out of the Revolution. He was an active, intelligent and zealous Mason, and was, perhaps, more than any other Brother, instrumental in the diffusion of Masonic Light among the green hills and lovely valleys of his adopted county. He lived to see the brilliancy of that Light obscured ; but he never for a moment doubted, that it would again appear with renewed beauty and splendor, as the sun breaks forth when the storm-cloud has passed from before it. His experienced and far-penetrating eye enabled him to see in the distance, the bright coruscations shooting up above the surrounding darkness,—foretelling of the coming of this day, when TRUTH has triumphed over error, and the true light is again seen burning upon the hill-tops and in the deep valleys. And, Sir, as a small token of our appreciation of his worth as a man and a Mason, you will permit me to give, as a sentiment—

The Memory of Isaiah Thomas—As a Patriot, he served his country with a patriot's love,—as a Christian, he illustrated his profession by his truth and practical benevolence,—as a Mason, be manifested his attachment to the Institution by his devotion to its principles while living, and to its interests by his generous legacies at his death."

In reply to a complimentary sentiment, the R. W. Br. Nathan B. Haswell, P. G. Master of the Grand Lodge of Vermont, who was present as an invited guest, spoke as follows :

"Worshipful Master:—It is with no ordinary feelings I rise to respond to the kind notice taken of the North, and particularly of the Green Mountain State, from which I hail. The warm and Cordial welcome announced by Br. Case, as the organ of Morning Star Lodge, while it has been extended to me individually, I must also consider as a compliment paid to the living Masonry of my State ; and in its behalf, as well as my own, I return them sincere thanks for the honor thus conferred.

"Aside from the Masonic associations which crowd around this festive occasion, Worcester is doubly dear to me, as it is the last earthly resting-place of my ancestors upon the mother's side. Massachusetts, too, I consider hallowed Masonic ground, for in its bosom are entombed the great and distinguished Masons of olden time. More than a century has elapsed since Lord Montague, Grand Master of England, appointed Henry Price Grand Master of New England; and at the first celebration of St John the Baptist, in 1734, a petition was presented to St. John's Lodge, at Boston, by Benjamin Franklin, in behalf of his Brethren at Philadelphia, to hold a Lodge at that place. Authority having been given while we were colonies for the establishment of Masonry in all parts of North America, the prayer of Br. Franklin was granted, and he was the first Master of the Philadelphia Lodge. Four years after, Grand Master Price went to England, by way of Antigua, where some Boston Masons met him, and a charter was granted for that Island, and its Governor, with many gentlemen of distinction, were made Masons. From this New England Grand Lodge have emanated some of the first Lodges in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Maryland, Canada, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and the West Indies. Without disparagement to the Lodges which have emanated from other sources, well may we be proud of Massachusetts Masonry, for she was its great pioneer in this Western Continent, and most nobly has she sustained her Masonic character. Permit me, therefore, in conclusion, to offer you as a sentiment—

"Massachusetts Masonry—It has proved a cloud by day, and a pillar of fire by night, to guide the Brethren in the North, the South, and the West, and her "Morning Star" shining in the heart of the Commonwealth this day, denotes that her Masonic glory is still ascendant."

  • Simon W. Robinson, Esq., M. W. G. Master—We welcome him to the heart of the Commonwealth. We regret that illness prevents his attendance at the festive board. May he soon be sound in health, as he is excellent in wisdom, firm in ; Masonic principle, and zealous in bis duty to the Institution.
  • The President of the United States—We respect and honor him as the Chief Magistrate of our country, and are proud to recognize him as a Brother of our Fraternity.
  • P. G. M. George M. Dallas—The honored statesman—the exalted Mason.
  • P. G. M. Lewis Cass, of Michigan—The true Light burns on the Altars he reared in the West.
  • P. G. M. Joseph R. Chandler, of Pennsylvania—A gentleman—a scholar—a long tried and faithful Mason.
  • P. G. M. S. W. B. Carnegy, of Missouri—To bis ability and seal, the Order in that State is indebted for much of its prosperity. For his labors in establishing a Masonic College, he receives the gratitude of the whole Fraternity.
  • Horace Chenery, Esq., Dis. Dep. G. M.—A faithful and true Mason. He applied the lever, and re-raised the Morning Star Lodge. May he arise from his present illness, and may his future health be as good, and bis career in life be as brilliant, as is that of the Lodge'he loves.
  • By R. W. Edward A. Raymond:
    • The Orator of the Day—The Wisdom of his speech is only equalled by the Beauty of his figures and the Strength of the principles he commends.
    • Our Invited Guests, whether present or absent—Shining lights in the Masonic firmament Though the darkness of antimasonic days comprehended not their light, it shone not the less brilliant, and through their zeal, fortitude and prudence, they have caused it to be seen and approved by all men.
    • Our Visiting Brethren—We welcome them to this Festival We ask them to Judge whether or not Masonry is defunct in Worcester—and which is most respected, the Institution or those who destroyed themselves, in their vain attempts to demolish it.
  • By Rev. Br. Albert Case:
    • Freemasonry—The hand-maid of our holy religion:

The wrath of man hath pour'd in vain
Its vials on her jewel'd head;
But, lo! with Time shall be her reign!
And when his last-day beam is shed,
Eternal splendor then shall gem
Her queenly brow's bright diadem.

  • By Br. Isaac Brown, of Mount Carmel Lodge, Lynn:
    • The Wives and Daughters of Masons present on this occasion—We recognise them as Masonic Jewels of the purest water.
  • By Br. J. Judson Ames, of Maine :
    • The Widow and Orphan—While we bedew a Brother's grave with tears, let us ever be reminded of the active duty of removing the heavy hand of want from the mourners.
    • Freemasonry—The foundations of its pillars are laid in Truth, and the cement of its arches is Love: therefore, the shafts of slander shall fall harmless before its pillars, and the poisoned tongue shall lose its venom before a keystone of its arches shall be removed.
    • The Ladies—Although they are not admitted into our secrets, yet they control them; lor they have the command of the affections of the best of Masons.
  • By the Ladies: Our Fathers and our Brothers of the Mystic Tie—We honor them for their devotion to Freemasonry, and bid them God-speed in their labors of love.

The Chairman of the Committee of Arrangements presented several letters from distinguished Brethren who had been invited to attend the celebration, but were prevented by other engagements. From them we have been permitted to select the following :

From Hon. Geo. M. Dallas, Vice President of the United States:

Gentlemen and Brothers :—I have felt much flattered by your kind remembrance ; and regret my inability to accept your invitation to participate in the festivities with which Morning Star Lodge will observe the Anniversary of St. John.

Having heretofore experienced the generous hospitality of the Masons of Massachusetts, I well know the enjoyment which I am thus obliged to decline. The feast of Fraternal welcome, at Boston, in the Spring of 1837, was marked by incidents so impressively grateful that it can never cease to be cherished as a green and growing spot in memory. To renew my acquaintance with the M. W. Grand Lodge would be a source of sincere pleasure.

Wishing you every happiness which can flow from the fellowship of virtuous, faithful, intelligent, and united friends,
I am always, gentlemen and Brothers,
most respectfully and affectionately yours,
G. M. Dallas.
June 7, 1847.

To Albert Case, Horace Chenery, and others, Committee.

From Hon. Lewis Cass:

Detroit, May 22d, 1847.

My Dear Sir—It would afford me pleasure to accept your invitation, and to meet you on so interesting an occasion, were it in my power. But it will not be. My engagements here will prevent me from leaving home at the time of your meeting.

I am, my dear sir, with great regard, truly yours,

Lew. Cass.

Albert Case, Esq., Worcester, Mass.

From Hon. David Henshaw:

Leicester, May 20, 1847.

Gent. :—I am obliged for your kind invitation to attend the celebration by the Morning Star Lodge at Worcester, on the 24th of June. I am about leaving on a journey for a few weeks, and should I return in season, I shall do myself the honor of being present at your celebration.

Allow me now to congratulate the Brethren on the prosperous state of this charitable and fraternal Institution. Those of the Brethren who stood firm, fearless and unmoved during the hot persecution of the Order, and amidst apostacy and treachery, in years past, cannot but feel satisfied with their own course, and gratified with the present condition and prospects of the Fraternity.

Very respectfully, your ob't serv't,

David Henshaw.
To the Committee of Morning Star Lodge, Worcester.

From Joseph R. Chandler, Esq.:

Philadelphia, June 18, 1847.

Dear Brethren—Yours, inviting me to join in the Masonic festival on the approaching St John's Day, was duly received. So much do I enjoy these gatherings of the Fraternity, that though I was apprehensive that important business would demand my presence elsewhere on that day, still I was unwilling to decline accepting your invitation, while there remained a hope that I might be with you.

I am, however, now constrained to express a belief that I shall be deprived of the pleasure you have proposed to me. I shall, however, remember you on that day, and wish for all blessings upon your festival.

It is to me a source of great joy that the good cause of the Fraternity is prospering with you, and while I desire its prosperity, I most heartily wish to see the Order respected for the character, as well as for the number of its members; and in such a community as yours, I am sure Masonry will have claims on the good opinions of the world by the worth of her children. May our Brethren at all times and in all places remember, that charity, (social and fraternal affection,) is the bond of our union.

With deep gratitude for the kind remembrance of my Brethren in Worcester, and with fraternal respect,

I am yours, truly,

Jos. R. Chandler.

To Messrs. Case, Chenery, and others, Committee, &c.

From Dr. Burnside, Toronto, Canada:

Toronto, June 14, 1847.

Dear Sir and Brother,—Permit me through you to acknowledge the reception of a very affectionate invitation from the Committee, to be present at the approaching celebration of St John's Day, by Morning Star Lodge, in the town of Worcester, and participate with them in the festivities of the occasion.

If my physical strength was equal to my ardent desire, nothing would prevent me from having the honor of being present on that day, which carries our minds back to the time when all those who were worthy, received from King Solomon the highest honor in his power to confer: I mean that of Most Excellent Master. On that auspicious morn, not all Jerusalem, but the whole Jewish nation, beheld with solemn amazement the glory and splendor of the scene. And when they witnessed the completion of that stupendous edifice which was to distinguish them forever above all other nations, they raised their united voices high in praise to him who had inspired his faithful servants with such consummate skill, and had governed their hearts undivided.

If such were the rejoicings to behold the effects of Operative Masonry, how much more should modern Masons rejoice at the extension of the present system, which inculcates love to God, the Great Architect, truth and friendship with all mankind, especially among the Brethren; to raise up them that fall, and cast no one off as an enemy but to admonish him as a Brother, and spread the cement of every moral and social virtue,—principles which, in my opinion, elevate Speculative Masonry far above what it was in days of yore when the temple was being built, for the same reason as "he who buildeth the house, hath more honor than the house."

To the members of the Committee of Invitation, I return my most cordial thanks, and although I cannot be personally present, yet in mind and spirit, I shall be with you during the whole day.

In the bonds of affection, I remain, dear sir and Brother,

Yours, fraternally,

Alex. Burnside.

From Hon. S. M. Burnside :

Worcester, May 27, 1847.

Gentlemen :—Permit me to express, through you, my thanks to the Brethren of Morning Star Lodge, for their kind invitation to join them in the festivities of the anniversary of St John, on the 24th June.

I leave home to-morrow, on an excursion of several weeks, and shall probably not return in season to be present on that occasion. I beg you, gentlemen, to accept, individually, my grateful acknowledgment of the courteous manner in which you have communicated this invitation, and believe me to be,

Very respectfully, your friend and humble serv't,

S. M. Burnside.

Messrs. A. Case, H. Chenery, H. Earl, and others.

From L M. Comings, Esq., of Georgia:

Macon, Georgia, 15th June, 1847.

Dear Brethren:— "It is a pleasing reflection, that while there may exist between the North and South, somewhat of jarring interests, and discordant sentiments, yet it is not known in Masonry. The mystic tie by which we are united, enables us to join, by one fraternal grip, the frozen North, with the sunny South.

The lonely stranger as he comes amongst you from the Southern clime, meets a Brother and a friend.

Political animosities—Religious prejudices—and sectional interests, are all forgotten amid the greetings of Brethren and the happy union that subsists amongst us.

The only barrier to the continued increase of our Order, as well as to its extended usefulness, is the want of proper discrimination in the election of members. The outer door has not been sufficiently guarded. We moat not suffer this sacred avenue to be trod by the profane, vicious or immoral, and our venerable Institution will stand, amidst the assaults of its enemies, as it has already withstood the defacing fingers of Time.

I will only add as a sentiment—
Strict Morality, as the Password to Initiation.

Accept the assurances of fraternal regard,

I. M. Comings.

To Brs. Case, Chenery, and others, Committee.

From Abner Case, Esq.:

North Granby, Conn., June 26, 1847.

Dear Sir,—Your letter of the 17th, was duly received, and likewise your card of invitation to the festival of the Patron Saint of Masonry.

I had prepared to attend, in compliance with that respectful invitation, but was unwell for a week previous to the 24th, and much engaged in business at the time. It would have been very agreeable to me to have attended, and participated in the pleasures of the Festival, with my Masonic Brethren of Massachusetts, if circumstances had not prevented. The severe trial our Institution has passed through, has doubtless benefited it in your State, as well as in this. And now, that it stands forth firm, free, fair and respected, it is proper that the members cultivate the social principle, encourage each other, and commend the ancient Order to the world. The kindly interchange of sentiment, and the instructive address, on the anniversary of the Patron Saint of Freemasonry, are well adapted to that purpose, and, I trust such will be the result of your festival on the 24th.

Please accept for yourself the assurance of my respect, and present to the Brethren associated with you in Committee, my thanks for their invitation, withhigh fraternal regards.

Abner Case.

Extract of a letter from a Mason's Widow, dated

Sanbomlon Bridge, N. H., June 7, 1847.

Dear Sir,— * * Many thanks for the beautiful card inviting me to attend the Masonic Festival, on the 24th of this month. Nothing would afford me more real pleasure; bat I am not disposed to go alone, and my brother cannot leave at that time. Why is it that little sweet word, Masonry, thrills a deeper tone in my heart than volumes could awaken ? But why should I ask the leason —I, who have been nourished by its streams of love, who have felt its power to soothe, to succor and to bless ? O, may God prosper and forward the Institution, preserve it in its pristine purity, and "let brotherly love continue," while sisterly thanks " shall rise up and call you blessed."

The Grand Master was present, but being indisposed, was not able to attend the ceremonies; and the R. W. Dep. G. Master, Dr. Winslow Lewis, Jr., presided over the Grand Lodge with his accustomed ability and aptness. His remarks in reply to the complimentary sentiment to the Grand Lodge, were particularly happy and pertinent to the occasion, and we regret not being able to lay them before our readers. We, however, took no notes, and the Brother has not found leisure to write them out.

R. W. Br. Power, in reply to a call from the chair, favored the company with an original and spirited song, which was received with much eclat.

W. Br. G. Washington Warren, Esq., Mayor of Charlestown, also favored the company with some excellent and spirited remarks, in reply to a complimentary reference to him as the Orator on the occasion of placing the Masonic monument within the obelisk on Bunker Hill, on the 17th June, 1845, and closed with a sentiment.

The Boston Encampment numbered about sixty members, rank and file, and have seldom appeared to better advantage. The Grand Council of Princes of Jerusalem, under the command of III. Br. E. A. Raymond, was also unusually full, and with their rich and tasteful regalia, formed an attractive feature in the procession.

The Supreme Councils of S. G. I. G. 33d, for the Southern and Northern Jurisdiction of the United States, were both represented,—tho first by Rev. Br. Case, and the latter by Brs. Raymond and Moore. This is the highest regular Masonic degree in the world.

The New England Grand Consistory of S. P. R. S. 32d degree, was represented by III. Brs. Hobart and Young, of this city. The presiding officers of the Grand Chapter S. P. Rose Croix, and of the Grand Lodge of Perfection, of this city, were also present In fine, every branch and order of Masonry recognised in this country, had its representative in the procession,—the whole presenting a rich, varied and beautiful show, such as is rarely witnessed on occasions of this kind.

We here close our account of this most pleasant and brilliant festival— fully conscious of the deficiencies in our description. Indeed, the attempt, to give anything like a true description of some of the gratifying features of the festival, would be, at best, but tame and lifeless, compared with the reality as beheld with the eyes, and thence transcribed on the choicest and most enduring of memory's tablets. We cannot doubt that good will result to the Institution from this proud display by its members ; and we wish that all future celebrations of the anniversary of our Patron Saint, may be marked by as happy accompaniments, and attended by as pleasant reminiscences, as this of 1847, under the auspices of Morning-Star Lodge.

In Morning Star Lodge, Tuesday Evening, July 6, 5847.

On motion of Br. Case, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:

  • Resolved, That the thanks of this Lodge be tendered R. W. and Rev. Br. Benjamin Huntoon, for the very able and eloquent Address delivered by him before the Lodge and Fraternity, on the 24th ult, the anniversary of St John the Baptist.
  • Resolved, That the Committee of Arrangements be requested to convey to Br. Huntoon the above expression of our gratitude.
  • Resolved, That Morning Star Lodge returns its hearty thanks to the Boston Encampment of Knights Templars, for their admirable performance of escort duty on the 24th June, the occasion of our late Festival.
  • Resolved, That in the opinion of this Lodge, the true and faithful Freemason may feel a pride in following where the valiant and magnanimous Sir Knights of the Boston Encampment lead.
  • Resolved, That we, the members of Morning Star Lodge, but speak the sentiment of the Fraternity, the ladies and the public, when we say that the members of the Grand Council of Princes of Jerusalem, who united with us on St John's Day, by their strict Masonic deportment, and their princely regalia, added much to the grandeur of the procession, and the interest of the occasion, and deserve, as they receive, the thanks of the Fraternity, and of this Lodge in particular.

INSTALLATION, JANUARY 1849

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. VIII, No. 5, March, 1849, p. 157:

Worcester, Mass., Jan. 17, 1849.

R. W. Br. Moore:—Morning Star Lodge, located in this city, has done a good good work during the year past: there have been but few meetings, if any, except when degrees have been conferred. Several young men, have been raised, and there is a prospect of work enough, for every regular meeting for some time to come. Some of the experienced Brethren hold meetings for instruction, at the hall almost every week, and a good degree of interest is manifested among those lately Initiated. We hear of no opposition to the Institution now, in all this region,—there is not even a ghost of Antimasonry to interrupt the progress of the Fraternity, or to enlist a crusade against it. We have harmony, zeal and good will among ourselves, and will endeavor to be able to give you a go< d account of our proceedings at the close of the next Masonic year. The officers of the Lodge were elected at the regular meeting in this month, and Installed last evening, the 16th. D. D. Grand Master Horace Cbenery performed the duties of Installation in his usual correct manner. The former Master was retained in office for the ensuing year, and will go as a Delegate to the Convention ordered by the Grand Lodge. The Lodge was fortunate in securing his services as Maeter for the year to come.

Worcester Royal Arch Chapter, elected officers at the regular meeting on the second Friday in this month. The returns show that the Chapter has not been entirely inactive during the past year. The increase of members in the Lodge, and the general desire for exaltation among the Brotherhood, look like giving the Chapter abundant work during the year.

P. H. P. Case who has presided since the revival of the Chapter declined the office, and Companion Henry Earl was elevated to the office of High Priest. He brings to the important station a good degree of experience, and as much zeal as an officer in any place requires. He has able companions in Council and the Chapter will give a good account of itself hereafter. Companion Dryden resigned the office of Secretary, on account of ill health, and Companion Clapp, the efficient and gentlemanly Secretary of the Lodge, was elected Secretary of the Chapter. At the close of the Installation of Lodge Officers, last evening, P. H. P. Albert Case Installed the newly elected offi cers of the Chapter. The Masonic year has now fairly commenced, and the Fraternity in this city, is prepared to labor and maintain for Freemasonry its exalted position.

Below you have a list of the officers of both Lodge and Chapter.

Officers of Morning Star Lodge -

  • James G. Henderson, W. M.
  • Francis Davis, S. W.
  • Alfred Chaffin, J. W.
  • G. Blood, Treas.
  • Levi Clapp, Sec.
  • Henry Goddard, S. D.;
  • Zebina Lee, J. D.
  • J. H. Mathews, Marshal
  • Thomas H. Rice, S. Steward
  • Y. A. Purington, J. Steward
  • E. Eaton, Tyler.

Officers of the Worcester R. A. Chapter

  • Henry Earl, M. E. H. P.
  • Hollis Bull, King
  • James A. Whipple, Scribe
  • Y. A. Purington, Prin. Sojourner
  • Zebina Lee, R. A. Captain
  • A. Walker, Treas.
  • Levi Clapp, Sec.
  • Simon Thompson, Lewis Thayer, Billings Mann, M. of the Veils.

INSTALLATION, FEBRUARY 1852

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XI, No. 5, March 1852, p. 154:

On Tuesday 3d ult. the members of Morning Star Lodge and the Worcester Chapter, of Royal Arch Masons, assembled at thelr Hall for the annual installation of the officers of their respective associations. An audience composed of the wives, daughters and invited friends of the members was present to witness the ceremonies, which were interspersed with appropriate music under the direction of Mr. Emory Perry, and conducted agreeably to the usages of the Order, and were interesting and gratifying to all. The installation of'the oflicersof the Lodge was first ih order, Horace Chenery, Dist D. G. M. o{ficiating. The following were the officers installed:-

  • Henry Goddard, W. M.
  • J. A. Whipple, S. W.
  • Peter Rice, J. W.
  • Hollis Hall, Treas.
  • Levi Clapp, Sec.
  • John H. Mathews, S. D.
  • J. B. Keyes, J. D.
  • A. Walker. J. G. Henderson and Henry Earl. Trustees
  • Carter Whitcomb, Marshal
  • O. H. Tillotson, Chaplain
  • Hervey S. Whitney, Tyler
  • C. A. Aldrich & Rinaldo R. Wheelock, S.

The installation of officers of the Chapter was next in order. Col, James Easterbrook, P. H. P., officiating. The following are the officers installed :.-

  • Horace Chenery, E. H. P.
  • Hollis Hall, King
  • James A. Whipple, Scribe
  • Henry Earl, C. H.
  • James G. Henderson, P. S.
  • Zebina Lee, R. A. C.
  • Leander P. Cobb, Henry Goddard, and F. A. Farrington, Masters of Veils
  • Asa Walker, Treasurer
  • Levi Clapp, Secretary
  • O. H. Tillotson, Chaplain
  • J. Dewing, Tyler

At the conclusion of the Installation, a brief and very appropriate address was made by Rev. O. H. Tillotson He alluded among other .things to the antiquity of the Masonic Order, to its duties, social and moral, urging their emulation in all the various relations of life. Mr. Tillotson's address was listened to with much interest. The prospects of Morning Star Lodge are in a very promising condition, and the Lodge now numbers one hundred members or upwards.

FEAST OF ST. JOHN, JUNE 1853

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XII, No. 10, August, 1853, p. 303:

CELEBRATION AT WORCESTER.

The nativity of St. John the Baptist was celebrated at Worcester on the 24th June last The day was one of the finest of the season. The arrangements were as perfect and complete as it is possible to make them on such occasions, and they were carried out with commendable promptness and success. The committee, and all others to whom special duties were assigned, are entitled to great credit for the highly acceptable manner in which the ceremonies and festivities of the day passed off.

The attendance of the Brethren and their ladies was very large. There were not probably less than one thousand in the procession. A train of twelve cars, containing about five hundred persons, including the Grand Lodge, Grand Chapter, the Boston Encampment of Knights Templars, and several of the Lodges, left this city at half-past eight o'clock on the morning of the day. On their arrival at Worcester, they were received by committees appointed for the purpose, and conducted to the quarters which had been previously assigned for their accommodation. The arrangements lor the reception and accommodation of the ladies, and the liberal supply of refreshments provided for their comfort, were in good taste, and were highly appreciated by the fair guests. The beautiful city was thronged with strangers, who all seemed to regard the proceedings with curiosity and delight The procession was formed at about half-past 12 o'clock, and marched through the principal streets of the city, under the escort of the Boston Encampment of Knights Templars, to the City Hall, where the address was delivered by Phillip C. Tucker, Esq. of Vermont. The Chief Marshal, Jonathan Day, Esq., and his Aids, C. E. Pratt and J. H. Matthews, were mounted. The organized bodies in the procession, as nearly as we could ascertain, were—The Grand Lodge, the G. Chapter (under whose banner the subordinate Chapters arranged themselves), the Boston Encampment (including delegates from the De Molay Encampment, of Boston, and of the Worcester County Encampment); Mount Carmel Lodge, of Lynn; Amicable, Cambridge; Mount Tabor and Baalbec Lodges of East Boston, who were accompanied by the E. B. Brass Band, and made a fine display in number and dress; Franklin Lodge, Grafton; Pentucket, Lowell; Aurora, Fitchburg; Solomon's Temple, Uxbridge; St Paul's, Groton; Meridian, Natick; and Morning Star (the celebrating Lodge). There were delegations present from a large number of other Lodges, but we have not their names. The different bodies carried their banners, bearing appropriate devices and inscriptions. Some of them were rich and elegant. The procession, (says the Boston Chronicle, to whose excellent report of the proceedings, we are largely indebted for what follows), began to move at one o'clock, and as they passed through the principal streets, their appearance was imposing, and gave an idea of the material composing the Masonic Fraternity. So fine a show of regalia of all Orders, worn by the society, has seldom been seen in that city. As the procession marched up Main street a magnificent bouquet was thrown from a window to one of the Marshals.

As the procession passed Brinley Hall they received, under escort, the ladies there assembled—wives, daughters, sisters and friends of the Masons, and march' ed to the City Hall. The hall, which is sufficiently spacious to accommodate two thousand persons, was soon filled; the side seats were assigned to the ladies, who numbered at least five hundred. The exercises were commenced by a voluntary by the band, after which an ode was sung. It was No. 82, Masonic Melodies, by Br. Thomas Power. Prayer was offered by the chaplain for the occasion, Rev. Dr. Thompson, of Barre. Ode No. 28, was then sung in a style of great beauty and finish by Brs. Perry and Lawrence.

The oration was then delivered by M. W. Br. Philip C. Tucker, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Vermont. In commencing, he spoke of the custom of the Masonic Fraternity to celebrate the 24th of June, it being the birth day of St John. To him should be dedicated all Masonic Lodges; they were formerly dedicated to Solomon, but it is fitting that dedications be made to St John, the Baptist, not in a sectarian spirit, but as a pious and good man, regarding him as an example of those virtues which good Masons practice. He proposed, he said, to speak upon Masonic priuciples, the history of the institution, and to look at it free from the formula of the Lodge room. Probably there has been no era in Masonry, he said, when the institution has been more prosperous than at present; its field now is the world, and few nations proscribe it. All the splendor of the advancement in the arts and sciences, has not dimmed its brightness. It is one of those old things which the world will not suffer to die. It was predicted by the prophets of antimasonry, and they had faith in their prediction, that the institution would either die, or be put down by the sword; but men are apt to believe that, what influences their awn time, will influence the future. Nero and Tamerlane made calculations respecting the effect of their acts in coming time, but how great was the fallacy—they are only remembered but to be bated, while Christianity and the principles they would suppress, are rapidly gaining ground. Had persecutions, begun by them, been continued, Christianity would now be among the things that were, and the world would be left in sackcloth. It was however overcome—affording evidence that Masonry is proof against the acts of traitors.

He remarked upon the intimate relation of Solomon's temple to the Institution of Masonry. He dwelt upon its history, and gave an account, in beautiful language, of the completion and dedication of the temple. He dated the organization, if not the origin, of Masonry here, and gave as a reason for the success in building the temple, that the founders were devoted to the principles of Masonry. He glanced at the religion, the idolatry and heathenism, of other nations ; and added, how much soever it may have been clouded at times, Masonry was the earliest human institution that proclaimed the identity and unity of the Almighty. The fire from Heaven was to the Hebrews a sign of the acceptance of their offerings, and it has been so to us. No man has ever been permitted to desecrate our institution, by admission, who denies the existence of, and his accountability to,

the one living and true God. Masonry teaches by symbols. The influence of Masonry in the Lodge-room and in the private circle, is to impress upon us our duty to God and to man; and however little noise it makes, it certainly accomplishes much good. That bad men have found their way among us, is true, and this may be said of all societies. The sun is not free from spots, but does not, however, on this account, shine less brightly, nor is its heat the less intense. "We have not always," he said, "been successful; we have had to deal with superstition and popular opinion. We have been suspected of idolatry to our symbols, the meaning of which the superstitious have not had the disposition or the ability to comprehend."

He spoke of the contemptible policy of certain politicians, twentyfive years ago, in buying votes and emoluments by denunciations against Masonry. The letters which were written by them to this effect, should be preserved as literary curiosities.

He said that Solomon's temple was not built by Jews alone, but by them and by strangers, who were spoken of as Jews. The Masons do not discriminate between Jews and strangers, if they but acknowledge their belief in the one true God. The temple stood 436 years from the time of its dedication. He referred to its destruction, and said the cause was the forgetfulness of the people of the principles of Masonry. He spoke further of the principles of the institution, and closed at a quarter-past 3 o'clock.

The oration was eloquent, forcible and clear. The subject was one of much interest, in a historical and Masonic point of view. It occupied perhaps too much time in its delivery for a mixed audience, of two thousand persons. But the magnitude of the subject would hardly admit of less.

After the exercises at the hall were closed, the procession formed in the same order as at first, and marched to John Wright's mammoth tent, on the common, which was intended to accommodate eleven hundred persons. The dinner was highly creditable to the caterer. It was the best of the season, and all that could have been expected or desired. The Tables were sumptuously spread, and were adorned with bouquets. Col. James Estabrook presided at the tables, with his usual tact and ability.

After the dinner, the first regular toast was announced by Calvin E. Pratt, Esq.

  • The occasion—Like him whose nativity we this day celebrate—a harbinger of coming glory to our Institution.

The second regular toast was—

  • The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts—The sun of our system—may its splendor never be dimmed by an eclipse or obscured by the clouds ; but its light be received and reflected by all the constellations of Masonry.

Rev. George M. Randall, Grand Master, responded in a brief, but appropriate speech, and concluded with a sentiment complimentary to the celebrating Lodge. Mr. Pratt, toast master, made a neat and appropriate speech in reply.

The third regular toast was—

  • The Boston Encampment of Knights Templars—Their noble bearing and martial appearance this day will be long remembered, when their earthly pilgrimage is over, and their warfare is ended -, may they join with those who have gone before in offering their devotions at the holy shrine.

There being no response, the next regular toast was read—

  • The Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Massachusetts—She has travelled through roogh and ragged ways, passed the valley that obscured her light, may she continue on her glonoas work nntil the cap stone is finished.

This was responded to by Rev. Stephen Lovell. The next regular sentiment was—

  • Amicable Lodge of Cambridge]]—Situated as she is at the seat of learning, may she ever have a bright Page in the history of Masonry.

Lucius R. Paige, Esq., Past Master, being thus called up, made an excellent speech. The next toast was—

  • George Washington Warren—A worthy descendant from a noble stock. We honor him not for his doubly glorious name alone, but as one

"Whose merits claim
Justly our brother's love to bear,
Heaven bless his honored, noble name,
To Masonry and freedom dear."

Mr. Warren responded quite briefly, as it was nearly time for the cars to leave for Boston. The next regular toast was -

  • Woman—Knowing her rights, she has determined no longer to submit to exclusion from the Masonic secrets, and some have put on the "Bloomer," to prepare for the Initiation.

The hour having arrived for the departure of the train, the company hastily left the tent and proceeded to the depot.

The lateness of the hour at which the procession reached the tent, was a heavy drawback on the interest of the festive part pf the occasion. Several interesting addresses would have been made at the table, had there been sufficient time.

HALL DEDICATION, JANUARY 1857

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XVI, No. 4, January 1857, Page 121:

This is one among the Lodges in this Commonwealth whose origin is anterior to the beginning of the present century, and whose history, therefore, if not already so, is rapidly becoming a matter of more than ordinary interest to the Craft. For the following notes from the first book of records of the Lodge, we are indebted to the politeness of its present Secretary :—

The first meeting held to take into consideration the formation of the Lodge, was held at the house of Brother Ephraim Mowers, Feb. 5th, A.. L. 5793. There were present Nathaniel Chandler, Charles Chandler, Samuel Chandler, Clark Chandler, John Stowers. Joseph Torrey, Benj. Andrews, Samuel Brazer, Ephraim Mowers, John White, Joseph Allen, Jr. It was voted at that meeting to 'proceed to the choice of a Master, in order to procure a Charter for, and preside at the intended Lodge.

On examining the votes, the Moderator, (John Stowers,) declared the Right Worshipful Isaiah Thomas, Esq., Past Master of Trinity Lodge, unanimously chosen.

At that meeting a Committee was appointed for the purpose of petitioning the Grand Lodge, and fixing a name for the Lodge.

The second meeting was held at 'the United States Arms, Feb. 14, A. L. 5793.

At that meeting the name of Morning Star Lodge was decided upon.

The first meeting under the Charter, was held March 29, A. L. 5793, at the house of Brother Mowers.

The Charter bears date, March 25, A. L. 5793, John Cutler, Grand Master, Josiah Bartlett, Sen. Grand Warden, Mungo Mackay, Jr., Junior Grand Warden, Samuel Colesworthy, Jr. Grand Secretary.

It was granted to Nathaniel Paine, Nathaniel Chandler, John Stanton, Ephraim Mowers, Clark Chandler, Samuel Chandler, Charles Chandler, Benj. Andrews, Joseph Torrey, John White, Samuel Brazer, John Stowers, and Samuel Flagg.

The Lodge continued in active operations until the breaking out of the anti-masonic persecution, when it suspended its meetings, and did not resume them again until the year 1844; since which time it has ranked among the best regulated and successful Lodges in the Commonwealth. Having recently fitted up, in connection with the Chapter, a new and beautiful Hall, having all the necessary conveniences for the accommodation of both Bodies, it invited the presence of the Grand Lodge for the purpose of Dedicating it to "Freemasonry, Virtue, and Universal Benevolence," according to the ancient forms and usages of the Craft. The ceremony was performed on the evening of the 21st January last, in the presence of about two hundred ladies and gentlemen, by the M. W. Grand Master, John T. Heard, Esq., assisted by officers of the Grand Lodge. The Dedicatory Services having been concluded, the officers of the Lodge were duly installed by the Grand Master, who concluded the ceremonies by addressing the Lodge and visitors present, substantially as follows :—

Brethren of Morning Star Lodge:

The services which are now concluded, have resulted in the setting apart of this Hall for Masonic purposes, and in the Installation in ample form of your officers for another annual period. To some of this audience a portion of our ceremonies may seem unintelligible; yet it is hoped none have witnessed them with disapprobation. To them I would remark, that the rites which have been performed, and the symbols that have been exhibited, have, in the minds,of the members of our institution, a deep and solemn significance ; and that though we cherish them for their antiquity, we value them more as teachers of important truths relating to the welfare and happiness of mankind.

In solemnly dedicating a place for our meetings, reference to the nature and objects of Freemasonry becomes most appropriate. It affords also an occasion which naturally leads to the contemplation of our Masonic duties and obligations. But as I am restricted by the time allotted for these services, I will only allude briefly to that requirement of our Constitutions forbidding political conversation and disputation in our assemblies. The earliest written regulation of our English Brethren, on this point extant, is in these words : "We are also of all nations, tongues, kindreds and languages, and are resolved against all politics, as what never yet conduced to the welfare of the Lodge, nor ever will." From time immemorial the exclusion of politics from our Lodges has been strictly enjoined; and at the present time it is universally regarded as an indispensable condition in their government. There is not probably a Grand Lodge in the world, which does not expressly prohibit the introduction of this peace-destroyer into the communications of the Brethren, The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts provides against it in these terms : "It shall not be permitted to introduce political or other exciting topics for discussion in any Lodge under this jurisdiction." In this country, where perhaps more than in any other, the citizens generally participate in the affairs of government, and in the preliminary measures and action which form its character, this regulation needs to be most scrupulously enforced. Unless we guard well our feelings, the excitement of the caucus and the wrangling of the convention will be transferred to our Halls, there to produce that discord and unfraternal alienation which would inevitably cause the disruption of those friendly bonds that now unite us so closely one to another. Those kindly influences that have so long flowed from our borders, fertilizing the humanity and gentleness of society, would no longer be felt; and the institution, which many of the greatest and best men of our country have honored and supported, would become, by intestine estrangement, a mockery and a by-word of reproach.

Happily, however, this calamity has not yet befallen us. The monster of party politics has been kept without. The war of contention has been heard around us, but has not invaded our sanctuaries. On the contrary, the history of our country gives glorious examples that the duties and principles of the citizen may place men in opposition to one another, who, as Masons, maintain the most intimate and fraternal relations. In the presidential canvass of 1832, the candidates for the chief magistracy were Masons — Past G. Masters of two adjoining jurisdictions — Tennessee and Kentucky; and yet when Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay met in the Lodge-room, or in our communications, they were no longer opponents ; there they regarded each other as Brothers, united by a "mystic tie" which no affairs of state could sunder. Again, in 1844, we see Mr. Clay and Mr. Polk rivals for the peoples' favors, yet they were accustomed to join in our meetings in friendly intercourse, and neither they nor those of their partizans who were Masons, permitted themselves to indulge in feelings other than those of the most fraternal character. In Massachusetts, also, we observe the same hostile attitude in politics between Masons: Gov. Brooks, the candidate of the federal party, was opposed by Gov. Eustis, the leader of the democratic party, and though the contest between their respective ..parties was characterized by much warmth and by an earnest bordering upon violence, yet the leaders were not only faithful in their Masonic engagements to each other, but strong and well-tried personal friends. Many of the past and present leading politicians and statesmen among us, state and national, and of all parties, are numbered among the most constant and exemplary of the fraternity ; proving that there is no incompatibility for our Brethren to exercise opposite political opinions, and at the same time to maintain mutual esteem and concord on the neutral ground of Freemasonry.

My Brethren, let me earnestly enjoin it upon you never to permit political party feelings or strife to enter your Lodge. Carefully avoid all allusion to "exciting topics" in your meetings. In considering the applications of persons who desire to gain admittance into our Order through your ballots, studiously suppress all adverse political feelings, and decide the question according to their moral and social claims alone. A due attention to these things will tend to the continuance of that peace and harmony, which should always preside at our communications.

Worshipful Master — Your Lodge being now organized for another year, I wish you the happiest realization of true Masonic prosperity. Upon you alone depends much of the success which is to be obtained. Your powers in the government of your Lodge are very great, and for the time being they are supreme. From your decisions your Brethren have no remedy, except by appeal to the Grand Master or Grand Lodge ; and you will perceive, therefore, how important it is that a Master of a Lodge should make himself acquainted with the laws he is to administer, and that he should govern with justice and a kindly spirit that will not irritate. The words of the immortal Washington, written by him, in 1792, to this Grand Lodge, express sentiments of the tendency and objects of Masonry, which should always influence us: "To enlarge the sphere of social happiness is worthy the benevolent design of a Masonic Institution ; and it is most fervently to be wished, that the conduct of every member of the Fraternity, as well as those publications that discover the principles which actuate them, may tend to convince mankind, that the grand object of Masonry is to promote the happiness of the human race."

BayStateHouseWorcester.jpg
Bay State House, Worcester

At the conclusion of the address the Grand Lodge retired, and soon after, the Brethren of the Lodge with their ladies and invited guests to the number of about one hundred and fifty, repaired to the Bay State House — one of the most elegant and best appointed Hotels in the State — and sat down to a Supper, which for its rich variety and the good taste with which it was served, would have done honor to the landlord of any of the first class hotels in our more populous cities. The W. Master of the Lodge presided at the tables, and welcomed the ladies and guests in a neat and appropriate speech. Short speeches were also made by the Grand Master, and Brothers J. H. Sheppard, G. W. Bentley, C. H. Tillotson, Col. Brinsmaid, of California, S. V. Stone, and others. The absence of wine seemed not to restrain the "feast of reason." Indeed, the whole ceremonies of the evening, including the entertainment and all its incidents, were of a high order, and to the entire satisfaction of all present. The choir are entitled to great credit for the admirable manner in which they acquitted themselves, and the thanks of the whole company for their valuable contribution to the enjoyments of the evening.

The new Hall, we understand, was fitted up under the immediate superintendence of R. W. Brother Henry Earl, and is one of the neatest and most convenient in the Slate. The officers of the Lodge for the present year, are as follows :—

  • W. John A. Dana, Master.
  • Benj. Lewis, S. W.
  • R. M. Gould, J. W.
  • S. P. Miller, Treas.
  • D. A. Hawkins, Secy.
  • Horace Chenery, Chaplain.
  • Jona. Day, Marshal.
  • A. H. Washburn, S. D.
  • W. A. Smith, J. D.
  • J. Firth and A. H. Andrews, Stewards.
  • H. Hall, Tyler.

INSTALLATION, JANUARY 1858

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XVII, No. 4, January 1858, Page 128:

The following officers of Morning Star Lodge, Worcester, were installed by D. D. G. M. Henry Earl, Jan. 12, 1858 :—

  • B. Lewis, W. M.
  • W. A. Smith, S. W.
  • R. M. Gould, J. W.
  • S. P. Miller, Treas.
  • H. Earl, Sec.
  • H. Webster, S. D.
  • E. Hubbard, J. D.
  • W. A. Cary, S. S.
  • G. C. Bigelow, J. S.
  • J. H. Freeland, M.
  • H. Chenery, Chaplain
  • D. Seagruve, I. Sentinel
  • H. Ball, Tyler.

OFFICER LIST, DECEMBER 1860

From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XX, No. 3, January 1861, Page 96:

Officers of Morning Star Lodge, Worcester, Mass., for 1861.—

  • Joseph B. Knox, W. Master;
  • Charles G. Reed, S. W.
  • H. C. Bigelow, J. W.
  • Wm. L. Clark, Teas.
  • Thos. M. Lamb, Sec.
  • Chas. J. Pickford, S. D.
  • Lewis O. Stone, J. D.
  • Horace Chenery, C.
  • E. D. McFarland, S. S.
  • Rolla N. Start, J. S.
  • Albert S. Coffin, I. S.
  • Hollis Ball, T.

GRAND LODGE OFFICERS

OTHER BROTHERS


DISTRICTS

1803: District 6 (Central Mass.)

1821: District 6

1835: District 6

1849: District 6

1867: District 11 (Worcester)

1883: District 18 (Worcester)

1911: District 21 (Worcester)

1927: District 21 (Brookfield)

2003: District 23


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