- 1 PAUL DEAN 1783-1860
- 1.1 TERM
- 1.2 NOTES
- 1.3 MEMORIAL
- 1.4 BIOGRAPHY
- 1.5 SPEECHES
- 1.6 CHARTERS GRANTED
PAUL DEAN 1783-1860
- Deputy Grand Master, 1835-1837
- Grand Master, 1838-1840
- Grand High Priest, 1823-1825
From the address by outgoing Grand Master Lewis, December 1860, in Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XX, No. 4, February 1861, Page 12:
Of our revered and reverend Brother, the late Paul Dean, to speak in the fullness which his long labors deserve, would call for an abler pen and a higher power. His lung official position in the Order, embracing all its departments; his energy, devotion and intrepidity in its cause, when its defenders were few, its opponents many,— his integrity of life, his social, his Christian excellencies, have all left their impress on the minds and hearts of every Brother. His name will stand high on the list of those who have presided over this Body, and added lustre to the institution. I trust that appropriate notice will be taken in this Grand Lodge, and that our records shall bear the sense of its members, on this their great bereavement.
From Proceedings, Page VI-364; Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XX, No. 6, April 1861, Page 177:
The committee to whom was referred the subject of the death of a very highly valuable member of the Order to which we belong, beg leave to submit the following.—
With unfeigned sorrow the G. Lodge deplores the death of one of the most worthy and devoted of the ancient brotherhood of Masons, the Rev. Paul Dean, a Past Grand Master of this oldest of the Masonic institutions in America. The solemn event occurred Oct 1. 1860.
From his earliest connections with Masonry, and through all the trials and persecutions which the fraternity passed through during the vigor of his manhood, in this city, — this Commonwealth, and this country,— Bro. Dean stood forth a pillar of strength—a safe counsellor an unflinching and reliable friend of an institution he both honored and adorned.
He was a man of enlarged views, whose gentle nature, spotless reputation and moral dignity gave lustre to his Masonic character. He loved mankind and practised what he taught, both by precept and example, — universal benevolence and universal charity. Full of years, revered, beloved and honored, this good Brother has been taken from us, to be raised to higher degrees in the Lodge above, where the weary are at rest.
In view of this painful event to us, it is a fitting occasion for contemplating the happy results of a well-spent life, as exemplified in the calm, Christian course of our recently deceased Brother.
- Resolved, therefore, that while we deplore the loss of one who was useful — so devoted and so thoroughly imbued with the genuine spirit of true Freemasonry, it behooves us to profit by the lesson of his unblemished career, that we may live as he lived, everywhere respected; that we may die as he died — everywhere lamented.
- Resolved, That the M. W. G. Master be requested to address a letter of condolence to the bereaved family of the late Bro. Dean communicating the foregoing sentiments. And may God sanctify to them this dispensation of His righteous providence.
J. V. C. SMITH. Chairman.
From Moore's Freemason's Monthly, Vol. XX, No. 1, November 1860, Page 5:
DEATH OF REV. PAUL DEAN. Again we are called upon to place on record the death of one of our most aged and venerated Brethren, — one with whom we have been officially and intimately associated for a third of a century, — one whom we had learned to love for the goodness of his heart and the purity of his character; and to whom we have long been accustomed to point as a fit exemplar of the truth and fidelity of the true Mason.
The Rev. Paul Dean died of paralysis at his residence in Framingham, on the first day of October last, in the 77th year of his age, — and was buried from the residence of his son-in-law in Boston, on the third day of the same month. His death was so sudden, and the notice of his burial so short, that but comparatively very few of his Masonic Brethren were in attendance, or even knew of his decease, until after the funeral had taken place. Had proper notice been given hundreds would nave gladly availed themselves of the sad occasion, to pay their last respects to his remains, and to manifest their warm affection for his memory and his worth. A few, however, were there, and among them the Grand Master and other members of the Grand Lodge, to mingle their sympathies with those of the more immediate friends of the family, and to soothe by their presence the deep grief of the widow and the sorrow of the children.
Brother Dean was born in Barnard, Windsor Co., Vt., on the 25th March, 1783, where he passed his youth in agricultural labors, in attending school, in academic and biblical studies, and in school leaching. In 1806, he entered upon the duties of the Christian ministry at Montpelier, Vt.; from thence, in 1810, he removed to New Hartford, N.Y., and in 1813, he came to reside in Boston. He was for many years the pastor of the first Universalist Church in Boston, and, subsequently, was settled over the Bulfinch Street Church, where he officiated until by reason of his age and infirmities he was ^compelled to relinquish his pastorship for a less laborious and responsible field. Of late years he has resided principally at Framingham, employing his time in study, the cultivation of a small garden, and making himself generally useful, as occasion offered. He early became a life-member of the American Bible Society, and also of the American Colonization Society.
As a Mason his record is full and well made up. He was initiated in Centre Lodge, at Rutland, Vt., during the winter of 1805, and received the degrees of the Chapter at New Hartford, N. Y., in 1811. The degrees of Royal and Select Master, of the Encampment, and of the Ancient and Accepted Rite to the 33d inclusive, were conferred upon him in Boston. He was admitted to honorary membership in Columbian Lodge, Boston, and officiated as Chaplain of that body from 1817 to 1836, inclusive.
He was also Chaplain of the Grand Lodge for several years; Dist. Deputy Grand Master for the 1st District for three years from 1831; Deputy Grand Master in 1815-16-17; and Grand Master in 1838-9-40. He was a member of St. Paul's Chapter, over which he presided as H. P. for some years. He has also filled the offices of G. H. P. of the Grand Chapter of this State, and of the G. G. C. of the United-States ; Prelate of the G. G. Encampment; and President of the Convention of of H. P. of Massachusetts. And in all these various stations he acquitted himself with honor and to the entire acceptance of his Brethren. He was a true Mason — ever firm, consistent and faithful, in all places, an4 under all circumstances. And although his day of activity had measurably passed, he did not wholly cease from his Masonic labors while life lasted. Only about three weeks before his death he was in convention with his Brethren in this city, manifesting as much interest and zeal in the cause as in his more youthful days. As few Brethren among us have filled" a larger place in the Masonic heart and affections, so few remain whose departure will be more sensibly felt by the older members of the Fraternity, to whom his usefulness was best known, and by whom his many excellent qualities were, therefore, best appreciated.
From Proceedings, Page 1873-220:
REV. PAUL DEAN, BOSTON Universalist. Grand Chaplain, 1814, 1815, 1816, 1820, 1824, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1834.
R.W. and Rev. Paul Dean was born in Barnard, Windsor County, Vt., on the 28th of March, 1783. He passed his youth in agricultural labor, in attending common schools, in academic and biblical studies, and in school-teaching. In the year 1806 he commenced the Christian ministry at Montpelier, Vt.; from thence, in 1810, he removed to New Hartford, N. Y.; and, in 1813, he came to reside in Boston. He was for many years the pastor of the First Universalist Church in Boston, and, subsequently, he was settled over the Bulfinch Street Church, where he officiated for considerable time. Of late years he has resided in Framingham, Mass. He early became a life-member of the American Bible Society, and of the American Colonization Society. This faithful teacher in the Christian Church has also been a devoted and earnest Mason. Bro. Dean was initiated, passed and raised in Center Lodge, No. 6, at East Rutland, Vt., during the winter of 1805. He received the Chapter Degrees in Horeb R.A. Chapter, No. 7, at New Hartford, N.Y., in the year 1811. The Degrees of Royal and Select Master, and the Templar Degrees, were conferred upon him in Boston. He was admitted to Honorary Membership in Columbian Lodge, April 4, 1816, and officiated as their Chaplain, in 1817, 1818, 1819, 1820, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1829, 1834, 1835, and 1836. He has served as G. Chaplain of the Grand Lodge; was D.D.G.M. of the First District, in 1821, 1822, and 1823; Deputy Grand Master, in 1835, 1836, and 1837; and Grand Master of Massachusetts, in 1838, 1839, and 1840. He has held membership in St. Paul's R.A. Chapter, the Grand Chapter, the convention of High Priests, the General Grand R.A. Chapter of the United States; in the Boston Encampment of K.T.; and in the General Grand Encampment of the U. S. He has served as Prelate in the G. G. Encampment; in the G. G. Chapter as Chaplain, King and High Priest; in the Grand Council of Royal and Select Masters for Mass., as M.I. Grand Master; in the Grand Chapter of Mass., as Deputy and Grand High Priest; in the convention of High Priests, as President; and in St. Paul's R.A. Chapter, in 1818, 1819, and 1820, as High Priest. The numerous Masonic services, which Bro. Dean has rendered in the various stations he has filled, richly entitle him to the high estimation in which he is held by his brethren.
— Hist. of Columbian Lodge.
Brother Dean died at his residence in Framingham, Mass., on the 18th of October, 1860. The following letter from Brother Rev. Adin Ballou will be read with appreciation by those who knew Mr. Dean. It is a just tribute to the memory of a most excellent man, — of one who throughout a long life maintained an honorable and upright character.
HOPEDALE, MASS., Dec. 20, 1873.
JOHN T. HEARD, ESQ. : —
DEAR SIR AND BROTHER, — I cordially comply with your courteous invitation to furnish you a brief general reminiscence of the life, character and professional standing of the late Rev. Paul Dean, outside of Masonry.
My personal acquaintance with him commenced about fifty years ago. He was then in the ripeness of middle age, and at the zenith of his popularity. He had successfully officiated, for many years, as pastor of the First Universalist Church and Society in Boston, founded by the venerable John Murray, whose place of worship was in Hanover Street; but, with a select swarm from that "Old Hive," was locating himself in Bulfinch Street, where an elegant new church edifice welcomed his ministrations. There he remained preacher and pastor, useful, beloved, and revered, till the close of his public career as a settled clergyman.
He was a man of very comely figure, countenance, and deportment; of great personal dignity, suavity and politeness; in fine, eminently a Christian gentleman, perfectly welcome and at home in every domestic and social circle of his time, into which duty or propriety called him. In his own family, the homes of his parishioners, at the sick-bed, the funeral service, the marriage altar, the festive party, the graver public assembly, and on all the various occasions demanding his presence, he exhibited the same decorous self-respect, urbanity and adaptive courtesy, alike pleasing, agreeable and commanding. Hence he enjoyed uncommon reverence, affection and influence for personal excellences of character and geniality in domestic and social relationships, aside from his clerical merits.
In respect to these last, he ranked high among the contemporaries of his best days; not so much for intellectual learning, acumen, or profundity, perhaps, as for his graceful, persuasive and impressive pulpit oratory, the benignity of his sentiments, the moderation of his sectarian zeal, the candor with which he treated other denominations, and the practical piety and morality which he generally made prominent in his discourses. He had neither the natural aptitude, ambition or taste for sharp polemics, theological controversy, or vigorous proselytism, though well-settled convictions of his own doctrinal faith, as well as practice. But he had an instinctive aversion to all brusque, obtrusive and teasing methods of propagating religious tenets of any sort. If he erred in such matters, it was in being too moderate, unaggressive, conservative and cautious. This elevated him in the esteem of the clergy and respectable laity generally outside of his own denomination, but lowered him in that of many insiders, especially those of the then dominant wing, — between whose leaders and himself there very naturally arose a mutual dislike, that ended in almost utter alienation. They came out with what he deemed the new-fangled, unscriptural and absurd, doctrine of no future retribution, asserting, with positive confidence, the immediate salvation of all men at death, and other opinions, theoretical and practical, decidedly repugnant to those he had been accustomed to cherish. Moreover, they pushed forward their new notions, not only with marked ability and industry, but with an aggressive dogmatism, rough address, and assumptive air, exceedingly offensive to his sense of propriety. He was, therefore, alike disgusted with the matter and manner of their ultraism. The result was that he, and others of us who more or less sympathized with him in these views, left the Universalist denomination, and became known as Independent Restorationists.
This secession brought down upon his head some very unjust reproaches from his opponents, whose echo has hardly yet ceased over his grave. It also subjected his declining years to serious trials, from all which his translation to the higher life gave him, I trust, a sanctified emancipation.
In this particular connection I will merely add, that this Restorationist secession brought me for several years into intimate relations with him, partly in ecclesiastical and partly in secular affairs ; and, though we many times differed in conviction and judgment, I always found him a preeminently just, honorable, magnanimous and conciliatory man. He was kind, considerate, public-spirited and generous in his dealings, too often to his own worldly loss. Our last meeting was at the funeral of a mutual friend, a few years before his own decease. We participated in the services, and he breathed out the same divinely consoling sentiments which he had so devotedly advocated from his youth; but the debility and tremulousness of age marked his address, and gave distinct premonition that he must soon rest from his earthly labors. The interview between us was comparatively brief, but mutually pleasant and hallowed.
As a theologian, he was on several points peculiar and almost unique. Respecting the Godhead, he was nearer a Sabellian than anything else; believing in God as strictly one divine person revealed in three official manifestations, Father, Son and Holy Ghost. He held the atonement of Christ to have been sacrificially vicarious and meritorious, but not in the sense of penal satisfaction or appeasement of God's vindictive justice. Also, that it was the only ground of man's salvation, and designed to be completely efficacious for the reconciliation of the whole human race. It was seldom, however, that he expatiated on these doctrines, either in his public discourses or private conversation; preferring to use them practically, rather than as themes of polemical discussion. He rejected utterly the doctrine of endless punishment, and of any vindictive penalism; firmly maintaining the belief, that all the divine retributions, whether in this world or the next, are and will be mainly disciplinary, designed, with the accompaniments of atoning grace, to consummate the holiness and happiness of all human souls. He was equally decided and firm against the doctrines of no future retribution; immediate universal salvation at death; no sin in the soul only in the flesh; no real free moral agency in man; no intermediate state for souls between death and resurrectional perfection; no inborn immortality of the soul; and all kindred notions; holding that man will be the same responsible subject of moral law and discipline in the next life as here; that the conditions of spiritual regeneration will remain essentially the same, and that ages of ages may elapse with multitudes of souls, before Christ shall have subdued and reconciled all things to himself, so that God can be morally "all in all." These views he preached and contended for with marked distinctness, yet with uniform avoidance of obtrusiveness and controversial offence. As before stated, he was constitutionally and habitually averse to sharp polemical controversy, and only fought in that line when it seemed unescapable except with dishonor. The grand doctrines of the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man he steadfastly proclaimed throughout his ministry, as fundamentals of the true Christian religion; though he was too cautiously conservative to agree with me in carrying them out into the radical, moral and social reforms in which I have felt it my duty to engage. Nevertheless, our mutual respect and fraternal love remained immovable.
As an author, he has not left large memorials. A small volume of Lecture Sermons, delivered in the Bulfinch Street church, on Universal Restoration, in 1832; numerous occasional discourses and addresses, including one annual Election Sermon before the General Court, which, if collected, would make a much larger volume; with numerous editorial articles and contributions in the Independent Messenger, and other religious periodicals in which he was interested, comprise most of his published productions, which have come to my knowledge. But I trust that his manifold unpublished instructions, counsels and consolations, and above all, the more manifold good works wherein, through a long life and ministry, he exemplified his Christian discipleship, have a brighter and more enduring record. That record glows in the grateful memories of some appreciative survivors, and of thousands who have welcomed him to the blissful abodes of the immortal world. And brighter still, the Saviour he served and honored holds his worth indelibly inscribed in the Book of Life. Within the sanctuaries of Masonry, in its cherished archives of written and unwritten memoranda, on the heart-tablets of relatives and friends outside the mystic veils, who knew and loved him, and above all on the imperishable scroll of the celestial temple, may his name shine with serene radiance forevermore. And whoever, in mortal or immortal spheres, have registered against him any of the offences, faults or shortcomings incident to our common human nature in its best estate, let them be merciful as the All-Father is merciful, forgive as they would be forgiven, bleach them out with a magnanimous tear, and be as ready as he is for reciprocal blessedness in the mansions of heaven.
Finally, dear sir and Brother, if this fraternal tribute to departed worth, in whole or part, will serve your purpose, please make use of it at your discretion.
Very respectfully and fraternally yours,
(From 1916 Proceedings)
Brother Dean was born in Barnard, Windsor County, on the 28th of March, 1783, where he passed his youth in agricultural labors, in attending school, in academic and biblical studies, and in school teaching. In 1806, he entered upon the duties of the Christian ministry at Montpelier, Vt.; from thence, in 1810, he removed to New Hartford, N. Y., and in 1813 he came to reside in Boston. He was for many years the pastor of the First Universalist Church in Boston, and, subsequently, was settled over the Bulfinch street church, where he officiated until by reason of his age and infirmities he was compelled to relinquish his pastorate for a less laborious and responsible field. In later years he resided principally at Framingham, employing his time in study, the cultivation of a small garden, and making himself generally useful, as occasion offered. He early became a life-member of the American Bible Society and also of the American Colonization Society.
As a Mason his record is full and well made up. He was initiated in Centre Lodge, at Rutland, Vt., during the winter of 1805, and received the degrees of the Chapter at New Hartford, N. Y., in 1811. The degrees of Royal and Select Master, of the Encampment, and of the Ancient and Accepted Rite to the 33° inclusive, were conferred upon him in Boston. He was admitted to honorary membership in Columbian Lodge, Boston, and officiated as Chaplain of that body from 1817 to 1836, inclusive. He was also Chaplain of the Grand Lodge for several years; District Deputy Grand Master for the First District for three years from 1831; Deputy Grand Master in l835, 1836, and 1837; and Grand Master in 1838, 1839, and 1840. He was a member of St. Paul's Chapter, over which he presided as High Priest for some years. He has also filled the offices of Grand High Priest of the Grand Chapter of this State, and of the General Grand Chapter of the United States; Prelate of the General Grand Encampment; and President of the Convention of High Priests of Massachusetts. And in all these various stations he acquitted himself with honor and to the entire acceptance of his Brethren.
He was a true Mason - ever firm, consistent, and faithful, in all places, and under all circumstances. Few Brethren filled a larger place in the Masonic heart and affections. He died of paralysis at his residence in Framingham, on October 1, 1860, in the seventy-seventh year of his age, and was buried fro the residence of his son-in-law in Boston, on the third day of the same month. Note: A condensed version of this biography was published in the program for the Feast of St. John in December 1939, and appears beginning on Proceedings Page 1939-478.
NEW ENGLAND CRAFTSMAN, JANUARY 1917
From New England Craftsman, Vol. XII, No. 4, January 1917, Page 120:
Born in Barnard, Vt., March 28, 1783. Died October 1, 1860. Was made a Mason in Centre Lodge No. 6 of East Rutland, Vt., in 1805. Admitted to membership in Saint John's Lodge, Boston, in 1807. Made an Honorary Member of Columbian Lodge April 4, 1816. Chaplain of Columbian Lodge 1817 to 1820; 1825 to 1827; 1829; 1834 to 1836. Became Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts in 1838, retaining that office during 1839 and 1840. Was a Universalist minister and for many years pastor of the First Universalist Church in Boston, and later became pastor of the Bulfinch Street Church, Boston. M. W. Bro. Dean was prominent in Chapter and Commandery work.
TROWEL, WINTER 2011
From TROWEL, Winter 2011, Page 10:
Most Wor. and Reverend PAUL DEAN, "Careful Steward”
by R. W. Walter H. Hunt
“The motives which may have induced my acceptance of this office . . . are those of conscientious duty; that I might thereby express my most unwavering attachment to a society whose principles are just and mutual . . . charitable and benevolent; and with whose members there is no value attached to any titles or distinctions among men but those of virtue, talent, and usefulness. For, in these days of partial and local excitement, when our Ancient Institution has been rudely assailed, I deem it the duty of every friend to truth and virtue, who is acquainted with its security and worth, to stand forth . . . in its support.”
Rev. Paul Dean, at his election as general grand king of the General Grand Chapter, 1832
The history of Freemasonry in the first half of the nineteenth century is decorated with great figures, many of whom have faded from memory. The Anti-Masonic period in particular has helped to obscure this era, as the efforts of such men are overshadowed by the deeds of more well known men who followed. It is clear, however, that without the burdens borne in the heat of the day, the great successes that came to the fraternity later in the century and the expansion that followed might have never come to pass.
In September 1837, Most Worshipful Joshua Flint, Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts (whose biography appears in the Fall 2011 Trowel, pages 14–15), received an offer to become chair of surgery at a new hospital in Louisville, Kentucky; at the fall Quarterly Communication he “gave notice of his intention to remove from the Commonwealth . . . and took leave of the Grand Lodge in an affectionate and feeling manner.” It had been a difficult three years for the youngest Grand Master in Massachusetts Masonic history, but he left the fraternity in better shape than it had been when he was first elevated. He also left it in the care of a skilled and capable deputy, the man who was shortly elected as his successor: Reverend Paul Dean.
Like his immediate predecessor, Dean was not only well known in the fraternity, but was also a renowned clergyman, and his election as Grand Master was the first time that a man of the cloth had taken the Oriental Chair in Grand Lodge. He was not native to Massachusetts; he was born in Barnard,Vermont in 1783, and in his youth he lived on a farm. In 1806 he felt the calling to the pulpit; he served first in Vermont, then in New York, and he finally settled at the First Universalist Church in 1813, where he served as associate pastor under Rev. John Murray, the father of American Universalism. Reverend Murray had suffered a stroke in 1809, and at the time Dean took up the position of associate, the much-beloved minister was being physically carried to a chair from which he “delivered his messages of grace.” Dean was less than half his mentor’s age, and his style was a stark contrast to the aging but still beloved elder; he contributed dynamism to the church’s proceedings, particularly when Reverend Murray died in 1815.
Dean was a devout, but somewhat outspoken, member of the Universalist denomination. Its rapid growth in Boston, and the spread of the doctrine, had created differences in Universalism. Both Dean’s allies and detractors found trouble with Dean’s theology; in particular Rev. Hosea Ballou and Rev. Edward Turner, both young Universalist ministers, were involved in the controversy. After 1817, there were two large societies in Boston — Dean’s First, and Ballou’s Second Universalist Society — while Turner had established a similar church in neighboring Charlestown.
In 1822, Dean established a new church on Bulfinch Street in Boston, and the First Society chose Rev. Sebastian Streeter, later grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge, as their new pastor. Dean’s controversial Restorationist views (anyone who held with the divinity of Christ would eventually achieve restoration to the Kingdom of Heaven) continued to create rifts in his denomination, but he was widely recognized as a charismatic, forceful, and articulate preacher and pastoral leader.
Paul Dean had become a Mason in Rutland, Vermont, in 1805, and became associated with the Craft in Boston when he began to serve there. He was chaplain of Columbian Lodge as early as 1817, and was involved with the York Rite bodies as well. At the end of 1820, Grand Master John Abbot appointed him as district deputy grand master of the First Masonic District, in which position he served for the next three years. The First District at the time included some of the oldest and most distinguished lodges in the jurisdiction — St. John’s, the Lodge of St. Andrew, The Massachusetts, his own Columbian, Washington (then meeting in Roxbury), Union (then meeting in Dorchester), Mount Lebanon and Rural. He was an able administrator and effectively represented the interests of the Grand Lodge to the lodges in his care. During this period, there was already difficulty with some lodges that were unable or unwilling to provide what were called quarterages (quarterly dues payments to Grand Lodge). When delinquent bodies were reported at Grand Lodge, rarely if ever were any of Dean’s charges mentioned.
After service to the Massachusetts Royal Arch Chapter, where he was elected grand high priest in 1826, he progressed to the General Grand Chapter, where he was elected general grand scribe, general grand king, and eventually general grand high priest, in which position he served capably for many years. The quote that begins this essay gives insight into his feeling regarding the need of good Masons to serve, even in the face of opposition and anti-Masonic rhetoric. Dean was among the many signatories to the Declaration of 1831. When he was elected as Grand Master at the end of 1837, he addressed the Grand Lodge “in an eloquent and impressive manner, on the nature and advantages of this Institution, on its great antiquity, on the purity of the characters, and the ennobling virtues of the distinguished brethren who had preceded him in the honorable station in which he had been called.”
Grand Master Dean chartered no lodges during his administration; indeed, some of the lodges in the Commonwealth chose to, or were compelled to, surrender their charters during the period, as the anti-Masonic furor had not yet abated. Still, it is clear from a perusal of the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge that more lodges and individuals were involved in the business of the fraternity during his Grand Mastership than during those of his most recent predecessors. In these sparse records, the reader finds names of individuals who would have profound impact on the fraternity in the years to come – Simon W. Robinson, Edward Raymond, Charles W. Moore, Winslow Lewis, E. M. P. Wells, William Whiting, Thomas Tolman, and Caleb Butler, to name a few.
Grand Master Dean seems to have imposed a calm and sure hand when governing the Craft, navigating through the demands of organizations within and without the State. For example, in a number of neighboring jurisdictions, there were calls for a grand union of Masonic Grand Lodges, a movement from which Massachusetts steered clear.
During the last year of his administration, Most Worshipful Brother Dean was able to regularize certain policies and practices of the Grand Lodge as well as the formal relationship between it and its subordinate lodges. This work could not have been accomplished without the efforts of new Grand Secretary Charles W. Moore, who became corresponding grand secretary in 1840. Through Brother Moore’s extensive and detailed work, the Grand Lodge was enabled to take stock of its membership, confirm its privileges relative to the lodges, and establish a fixed charge for the conferral of the degrees throughout the jurisdiction.
At the Feast of St. John in 1840, Brother Dean installed his successor, Caleb Butler, as Grand Master; and then “in a peculiarly appropriate and feeling manner took leave of his officers and brethren of the Grand Lodge in an address of great beauty, eloquence, and affection.” Rt. Wor. Winslow Lewis, Jr., called upon to speak, delivered an “able and interesting address in which he reviewed in a peculiarly spirited and caustic manner, the persecution through which the institution has recently passed; and congratulated the Grand Lodge . . . on the present encouraging condition and future prospects of the fraternity.” The Grand Lodge subsequently adopted a unanimous resolution thanking Past Grand Master Dean for “the very able, faithful, and impartial manner in which he has discharged the arduous and important duties” of Grand Master.
In his declining years, Past Grand Master Dean remained active as a clergyman and as a Mason. He participated in the memorial service for Rt. Wor. Thaddeus Mason Harris, in the revision of the Grand Constitutions, and on various committees of the Grand Lodge. One can imagine him taking his place with the other Past Grand Masters, just as our distinguished ones do now, viewing with pleasure the growth and prosperity of the fraternity that his efforts had helped to preserve.
Rev. and Brother Paul Dean died in October, 1860, full in years and much beloved within and without the fraternity. As his old friend, Brother Adin Ballou, wrote to Past Grand Master Heard some years after his death: “Within the sanctuaries of Masonry, in its cherished archives of written and unwritten memoranda, on the heart-tablets of relatives and friends outside the mystic veils, who knew and loved him, and above all on the imperishable scroll of the celestial temple, may his name shine with serene radiance forevermore.”